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Chapter Law Content

Part 2 Fire Protection Design
Article 4
Terms used in this Standard are defined as follows:
1.Multi-purpose building: refers to a building that has two or more purposes as listed in Articles 12.1~4, and the multiple purposes are not subject to a main purpose in management or usage mode. The judgment basis shall be determined by the central fire regulating authority other where.
2.No-opening story: each storey of the buildings wherein the area of opening for refuge and fire fighting doesn’t meet the following requirements:
(1)For a storey above the 11th floor, the total area of round holes with an inscribed diameter more than 50cm shall occupy 1/30 of the floor area of the storey.
(2)For a storey under the 11th floor, the total area of round holes with an inscribed diameter more than 50cm shall occupy 1/30 of the floor area of the storey, and there must be at least two round holes with an inscribed diameter more than 1m or openings with a width more than 75cm and a height more than 120cm.
3.High risk working place: a place where the warehouse storing common flammable solid substances is higher than 5.5m, or where the steam pressure of flammable liquid substance is less than 2.8kg/cm2 or 0.28 million pascal (hereiafter called Mpa) when the flash point doesn’t exceed 60℃ or 37.8℃, or a place for manufacturing, storing or processing high-pressure gas, petrochemical operating place, operating place of wood processing industry and paint operating place, etc.
4.Moderate risk working place: a place where the height of the warehouse that stores common flammable solid substance doesn’t exceed 5.5m, or where the flash point of flammable liquid exceeds 60℃, or working place of light industry.
5.Low risk working place: a place where there are flammable substance, but the quantity is few, the burning extends small, and the burning velocity low, and only able to cause minor fire.
6.Refuge indicating lamp: an indicating lamp that indicates refuge exit or direction.
An effective opening as mentioned in Article 4.2 may be any of the following:
1.The distance between the lower end of the opening and the floor is less than 120cm.
2.A passage with the opening facing toward the road or with width more than 1m.
3.There is no barrier on the opening and no construction or stumbling block encumbering refuge inside the passage.
4.The opening can be opened from outside or easily broken for entering the room. The thickness should be less than 6 millimeter if the opening is window or door made by glass.
Definitions of terms in architecture technical specifications, public hazardous substances and flammable Pressurized Gases shall apply to the terms as provided in the Standard of Architecture Technology and Regulations and Public Hazardous Substances & Flammable Pressurized Gases Establishment Standards & Safety Control Procedures.
Article 5
An unit of occupancy that is partitioned from another by no-opening walls and floor with performance higher than one-hour fire rating pursuant to architectural technical specifications shall be regarded as another unit subject to the provisions in this Standard.
Buildings linked by corridors which meet the following requirements shall be regarded as different units of occupancy.
1.The corridor is used only as a passageway or used for conveyance and without any obstacle when passing through it.
2.The effective width of the corridor is less than 6m.
3.The distance between buildings should be more than 6m for the first floor and over 10m for the second floor or above.
Buildings in accordance with the followings shall be exempted from the restrictions of the previous item 3:
1.Exterior walls and roof at a distance less than 3m to the corridor are made by fireproof structure or nonflammable materials.
2.The previous mentioned Exterior walls and roof have no openings. But those, which have openings less than 4 m2 installed with fireproof windows or doors having performance higher than half-hour fire rating, shall be excluded.
3.The corridor is open to air or accords with the followings:
(1)Made by fireproof structure or nonflammable materials.
(2)The opening between the corridor and buildings on both sides shall be less than 4 m2, With fireproof doors that have a fire resisting period at least half an hour.
(3)With opening opened directly to the outside or with the smoke control equipment. The later isn’t effective to those having auto sprinkler system.
The opening and emmission mechines mentioned in previous 3(3) should be in accordance with the followings:
1.The openings opened directly to the outside should be more than 1 m2 in total and satisfy the followings:
(1)The width is at least 1/3 of the corridor’s width if it is made on the roof or ceiling and length is more than 1m.
(2)The width is at least 1/3 of the corridor’s length if it is made on the outer wall and height is more than 1m.
2.The emission machine shall discharge smoke effectively and safely to the outside and shall be connected to the emergency source.
Article 6
Where a multi-purpose building used for places listed in Article 12.5 has other purposes as described in other clauses and subclauses of the same article, provisions in this Standard except Articles 17.1 (4) and (5), 19.1 (4) and (5), 21.2 and 157 shall apply. And the total floor area shall be accounted up as a single place by unit of each subclause.
Article 7
Fire safety equipments in various places include the following:
1.Fire extinguishing equipments: refer to appliances or equipments extinguish fire using water or other extinguishing mediums.
2.Fire alarm equipments: refer to appliances or equipments informing about occurrence of fire.
3.Refuge and escape equipments: refer to appliances or equipments used for escape on occurrence of fire.
4.Necessary equipments for fire rescue: refers to appliances or equipments necessary for fire fighters to fight the fire.
5.Other fire safety equipments recognized by the central regulating authority.
Article 8
Fire extinguishing equipments include the following
1.Fire extinguisher, fire sand.
2.Indoor fire hydrant
3.Outdoor fire hydrant
4.Automatic sprinkler system
5.Water fog fire extinguishing equipments.
6.Foam fire-extinguishing equipment.
7.Carbon dioxide fire extinguishing equipments.
8.Dry chemicals fire extinguishing equipments.
9.Simple automatic fire extinguishing equipments.
Article 9
Fire alarm equipments include the following:
1.Automatic fire alarm equipments.
2.Manual alarm equipments.
3.Emergency broadcasting equipments
4.Automatic alarm equipments for gas leakage.
5. 119 fire notification device
Article 10
Evacuation equipment includes the following:
1. Indicating equipment: exit indicating lamp, direction indicating lamp, audience indicating lamp, and indicating sign.
2. Fire Escape Equipment: slide escape, emergency ladder, emergency bridge, escape chute, escape sling, rescue cord, sliding rod, and other fire escape equipment.
3. Emergency lighting equipment.
Article 11
Necessary equipments for fire rescue include the following:
1.Connecting water-delivery pipe
2.Fire water pool
3.Smoke control equipments (smoke control equipments inside emergency elevator and special safety stairway, and indoor smoke control equipments).
4.Emergency power socket
5.Wireless communication auxiliary equipments
Article 12
Places are classified into the following categories pursuant to use and occupancy:
1.Class A
(1)Movie screening venues (theaters, cinemas), music halls, ballrooms, night clubs, clubs, beauty parlors (tourist parlors and audio-video parlors, etc), massage parlors, video viewing halls (MTV, etc), audio-visual sing-along halls (KTV, etc), bars, pubs, and liquor stores (clubs).
(2)Bowling alleys, billiard halls, assembly halls, fitness and recreation centers (including facilities offering Shiatsu massage services, sauna rooms, and other weight-loss and body toning facilities), indoor pitch and putt golf course, game-playing ground, electronic game centers, and information recreation grounds.
(3)Tourist hotels, hostels, inns, and rest houses (limited to lodging houses only).
(4)Commercial establishments, markets, department stores, supermarkets, retail markets, and exhibit halls.
(5)Restaurants, food and beverage stores, coffee shops, and tea houses.
(6)Hospitals, sanitarium, veterans home, long-term care institutions (limited to Institutional services ,Community-based services which building usage classification is not belong to H-2 of day care, group homes and small-size multi-function services), Senior Citizens’ Welfare Institutions (limited to long-term care, nursing, caring for dementia senior citizens of long-term care institutions, Domiciliary care institutions), children and youth welfare institutes(limited to infant nursery centers, early intervention institutions, settlement and education institutions which shelter infants under 2 years of age), nursing home institutions(limited to nursing homes, psychiatric nursing homes and postpartum nursing care institutions), postpartum nursing care centers, welfare institutions for the handicapped (limited to board and lodging, daycare, temporary, and short-term care facilities), vocational training institutions for the handicapped (limited to board and lodging establishments and facilities employing special equipment), and special schools for the blind, the deaf, and the mentally handicapped.
(7)Sauna houses and public bathhouses.
2.Class B
(1)Bus stations, airport buildings, harbor waiting rooms
(2)Future commodities agencies, stock exchange centers, and financial institutions
(3)Schools classrooms, after school care centers, supplementary learning centers, training facilities, study halls, and settlement and education institutions, and vocational training institutions for the handicapped other than those set forth in Item (6) of the preceding Subparagraph.
(4)Libraries, museums, galleries, exhibit halls, libraries of historical relics, memorial halls, and similar establishments.
(5)Temples, ancestral halls, churches, columbaria buildings, and other similar establishments.
(6)Offices, shooting ranges, clinics, long-term care institutions (limited to Institutional services ,Community-based services which building usage classification is belong to H-2 of day care, group homes and small-size multi-function services),day care institutions for psychiatric rehabilitation, psychological guidance institutions for children and youth or home counseling institutions, employment service institutions for the handicapped, recreation centers for the elderly, service institutions for the Senior Citizens’ Welfare Institutions for the handicapped other than those set forth in Item (6) of the preceding Subparagraph.
(7)Collective residential buildings, boarding houses and residential institutions for psychiatric rehabilitation.
(8)Gymnasiums and activity centers
(9)Indoor skating rinks and indoor swimming pools
(10)Movie studios and TV signal relay facilities
(11)Warehouses and furniture display and sales centers
(12)preschools.
3.Class C
(1)Telecommunication machine room.
(2)Garage and maintenance centers, aircraft repair shops, and hangars.
(3)Indoor parking centers and legitimate parking areas of building structures.
4.Class D
(1)High risk workplaces
(2)Moderate risk workplaces
(3)Low risk workplaces
5.Class E
(1)Multi-purpose buildings that cater to functions prescribed in Subparagraph 1 of this Article.
(2)Multi-purpose buildings that cater to functions other than those prescribed in Subparagraph 2 to the preceding Subparagraph.
(3)Underground building
6.Other facilities declared by the central regulating authority.
Article 13
On occurrence of extension, reconstruction or alteration of purposes, the standards before extension, reconstruction or alteration of purposes shall still apply all the same. However, in case of any of the following, standards after extension, reconstruction or alteration of purposes shall govern:
1.The fire safety equipments are extinguisher, automatic fire alarm equipments, manual alarm equipments, emergency broadcasting equipments, indicating equipments, refuge appliances and emergency lightings.
2.The area of the proportion of extension or reconstruction after the amendment and issue of this Standard on July 1, 1996 amounts to 1,000m2 or accounts for 1/2 of the total floor area.
3.The purpose of building is changed to Class A.
4.The fire safety equipments, prior to alteration, don’t meet the fire safety requirements prescribed before alteration.
Article 14
Fire extinguisher shall be equipped in the following places:
1.Class A places, underground building, preschools.
2.Class B, C, and D places with the total floor area not less than 150m2
3.Various places located in underground floors or overground floors without openings, and the total floor area not less than 50m2.
4.Various places where projection room, transformer, switchboard or other similar electric equipments are installed.
5.Various places where there are boiler room, kitchen and other equipments using fire in large amount.
Article 15
Indoor hydrant shall be equipped in the following places:
1.Buildings less than 5 storeys: used for the purposes listed in 12.1 (1), and the floor area of each storey is more than 300m2; used for the purposes listed in 12.1 but other than in 12.1(1) and 12.1~4, and the floor area of each storey is more than 500m2; or used as school classrooms, the floor area of each storey is more than 1400m2.
2.Buildings with more than 6 storeys: used for the purposes listed in 12.1~4, and the floor area of each storey is more than 150m2.
3.Underground buildings with a total floor area more than 150m2.
4.Underground storey or no-opening storey: used for the purposes listed in 12.1(1), and the floor area is more than 100m2; used for the purposes listed in 12.1 but other than in 12.1(1) and 12.1~4, and the floor area of each storey is more than 150m2.
In the above-mentioned places where the indoor hydrant shall be equipped, if equipments like automatic sprinkler (with aided sprinkler), water fog, foam, carbon dioxide, dry chemicals extinguishing equipments or outdoor hydrant have been installed pursuant to this Standard, it is allowable that indoor hydrant is not installed in the effective range of the foresaid equipments. Where there is an outdoor hydrant, it is allowable that indoor hydrant is not installed on the first and the second floor in the effective range of the foresaid outdoor hydrant if the horizontal distance of the first floor is less than 40 m and the walk distance of the second floor less than 40m.
Article 16
Outdoor hydrant shall be equipped in the following places:
1.High risk working place which floor area of the first floor and the second floor of the building and storage area is more than 3,000 square meters.
2.Moderate risk working place which floor area of the first floor and the second floor of the building and storage area is more than 5,000m2.
3.Low risk working place which floor area of the first floor and the second floor of the building and storage area is more than 10,000m2.
4.Where there are three risk levels and the area of each risk level doesn’t reach the standard in the former three clauses, but the sum of the actual area of each risk level divided by the standard area is greater than 1.
5.The horizontal distance between the outer walls of the buildings that are located in a same building base and made of wood or other flammable materials and the central line is less than 3m for the first floor and 5 m for the second floor, and the floor area of all 1st and 2nd floors is more than 3000m2.
In the above-mentioned places where outdoor hydrant shall be equipped, if equipments like automatic sprinkler, water fog, foam, carbon dioxide, dry powder, etc have been installed under this Standard, it is allowable that outdoor hydrant is not installed in the effective range of the foresaid equipments.
Article 17
Automatic sprinkler system shall be installed in the following places or storeys:
1.Buildings less than 10 storeys: used for the purposes listed in 12.1 (1), the floor area of each storey is more than 300m2; used for the purposes listed in 12.1 but other than 12.1(1) and in 12.2 (1), the floor area of each storey is more than 1500m2.
2.Buildings more than 10 storeys: the floor area of each storey is more than 100m2.
3.Underground storey or no-opening storey: used for the purposes listed in 12.1, the floor area is more than 1000m2.
4.Buildings more than 10 storeys used for the purposes listed in 12.1 or 12.5 (1).
5.Storeys in buildings used for the purposed listed in 12.5 (1), where the total floor area of Class A places reaches 3000m2 or more.
6.Overhead warehouses in places used for the purposes listed in 12.2 (11) where the storey height is more than 10m and the floor area is more than 700 m2.
7.Underground buildings with the total floor area more than 1,000m2.
8.High-rise buildings.
9. Veterans home, long-term care institutions (limited to Institutional services ,Community-based services which building usage classification is not belong to H-2 of day care, group homes and small-size multi-function services), Senior Citizens’ Welfare Institutions (limited to long-term care, nursing, caring for dementia senior citizens of long-term care institutions, Domiciliary care institutions), welfare institutions for the handicapped (limited to vegetable, dementia, bedridden or patient with degraded physical and mental function) and nursing home institutions(limited to nursing homes, psychiatric nursing homes and postpartum nursing care institutions) used for the purposes listed in 12.1 (6).
In the above-mentioned places where automatic sprinkler system shall be equipped, if equipments like water fog, foam, carbon dioxide, dry powder, etc have been installed under this Standard, it is allowable that automatic sprinkler system is not installed in the effective range of the foresaid equipments.
The place listed in 17.1(9) with the total floor area not less than 1000m2, it is allowable to install sprinkler system connected to the water supply , fire extinguishing equipments as higher level effect or adopt measures declared by the central regulating authority. Standard for Installation of Sprinkler System Connected to The Water Supply will be prescribed by the central fire agency.
Article 18
Water fog, foam, dry powder, or carbon dioxide fire extinguishing equipment shall be selectively installed in the places as shown in the table below. Where the area of openings (usually opened) on outer wall accounts for over 15% of that very floor area, the foresaid fire extinguishing equipments shall employ movable mounting.
┌──┬───────────┬───┬──┬────┬───┐
│Item│Place │Water │Foam│Carbon │Dry │
│ │ │fog │ │dioxide │powder│
├──┼───────────┼───┼──┼────┼───┤
│1 │Helipad on housetop │ │○ │ │○ │
├──┼───────────┼───┼──┼────┼───┤
│2 │Airplane back shop or │ │○ │ │○ │
│ │hangar where the floor│ │ │ │ │
│ │area is not less than │ │ │ │ │
│ │200 m2. │ │ │ │ │
├──┼───────────┼───┼──┼────┼───┤
│3 │Garage or indoor │○ │○ │○ │○ │
│ │parking area: on the │ │ │ │ │
│ │first floor, the floor│ │ │ │ │
│ │area is not less than │ │ │ │ │
│ │500 m2; on underground│ │ │ │ │
│ │floor or the second │ │ │ │ │
│ │floor or above, the │ │ │ │ │
│ │floor area is not less│ │ │ │ │
│ │than 200 m2; on │ │ │ │ │
│ │housetop, the floor │ │ │ │ │
│ │area is not less than │ │ │ │ │
│ │300 m2. │ │ │ │ │
├──┼───────────┼───┼──┼────┼───┤
│4 │Over-and-under │○ │○ │○ │○ │
│ │mechanic parking area │ │ │ │ │
│ │that can accommodate │ │ │ │ │
│ │not less than 10 cars │ │ │ │ │
├──┼───────────┼───┼──┼────┼───┤
│5 │Generator room, │○ │ │○ │○ │
│ │transformer room, and │ │ │ │ │
│ │places containing │ │ │ │ │
│ │other similar electric│ │ │ │ │
│ │equipments with a │ │ │ │ │
│ │floor area not less │ │ │ │ │
│ │than 200 m2. │ │ │ │ │
├──┼───────────┼───┼──┼────┼───┤
│6 │Boiler room, kitchen │ │ │○ │○ │
│ │and other places where│ │ │ │ │
│ │fire is used in large │ │ │ │ │
│ │amount, with a floor │ │ │ │ │
│ │area not less than 200│ │ │ │ │
│ │m2. │ │ │ │ │
├──┼───────────┼───┼──┼────┼───┤
│7 │Telecommunication │ │ │○ │○ │
│ │machine room, computer│ │ │ │ │
│ │room, or telephone │ │ │ │ │
│ │exchanger room or │ │ │ │ │
│ │other similar places │ │ │ │ │
│ │with a floor area on │ │ │ │ │
│ │less than 200 m2. │ │ │ │ │
├──┼───────────┼───┼──┼────┼───┤
│8 │Engine laboratory, │○ │○ │○ │○ │
│ │petrol laboratory, │ │ │ │ │
│ │printing house, and │ │ │ │ │
│ │other similar │ │ │ │ │
│ │dangerous working │ │ │ │ │
│ │places with a floor │ │ │ │ │
│ │area not less than 200│ │ │ │ │
│ │m2. │ │ │ │ │
├──┴───────────┴───┴──┴────┴───┤
│Note: │
│1. A place where fire is used in large amount means where │
│ the maximum total consumption heat amounts to 30 million │
│ kcal/h. │
│2. Where automatic sprinkler system is installed in a │
│ kitchen and the oil smoke-discharging pipe and fume hood │
│ are equipped with simple automatic fire extinguishing │
│ equipments, this table may not apply. │
│3. Where the cars are parked in a row in a parking area and │
│ they can run out the door at the same time, this table │
│ may not apply. │
│4. Pre-action automatic sprinkler system shall be used in │
│ the places listed in Item 7 of the table. │
│5. The carbon dioxide extinguisher cannot be applied to the │
│ central control room at where uncertain or certain │
│ persons stay at during a normal day. │
└──────────────────────────────┘
Restaurant where the floor area is more than 300 m2 or Veterans home, long-term care institutions (limited to Institutional services ,Community-based services which building usage classification is not belong to H-2 of day care, group homes and small-size multi-function services), Senior Citizens’ Welfare Institutions (limited to long-term care, nursing, caring for dementia senior citizens of long-term care institutions, Domiciliary care institutions), welfare institutions for the handicapped (limited to vegetable, dementia, bedridden or patient with degraded physical and mental function) and nursing home institutions(limited to nursing homes, psychiatric nursing homes and postpartum nursing care institutions) used for the purposes listed in 12.1 (6),where the total floor area is more than 500 m2, oil smoke-discharging pipe and fume hood of its kitchen should equip with simple automatic fire extinguishing equipments. However for those kitchens equip with fire extinguishing equipments as regulated by above Item may choose not to equip with simple automatic fire extinguishing equipments.
Article 19
Automatic fire alarm equipments shall be equipped in the following places:
1.Buildings with not more than 5 storeys: used for the purposes listed in 12.1 and 12.2(12), the floor area of each storey is not less than 300m2; used for the purposes listed in 12.2~4 (except 12.2(12)), the floor area of each storey is not less than 500m2.
2.Buildings with more than 5 but less than 11 storeys where the floor area of each storey is not less than 150m2.
3.Buildings with more than 10 storeys.
4.Underground storey or no-opening storey: used for the purposes listed in 12.1(1) and (5) and 12.5, the floor area is not less than 100m2; used for the purposes listed in 12.1 but other than 12.1(1) and in 12.2~4, the floor area of each storey is not less than 300m2.
5.Buildings used for the purposed listed in 12.5 (1), where the total floor area reaches 500 m2 or more, among which the area of Class A places accounts for 300m2.
6.Buildings used for the purposes listed in 12.1 and 12.5 (3), where the total floor area reaches 300 m2 or more.
7.Veterans home, long-term care institutions (limited to Institutional services ,Community-based services which building usage classification is not belong to H-2 of day care, group homes and small-size multi-function services), Senior Citizens’ Welfare Institutions (limited to long-term care, nursing, caring for dementia senior citizens of long-term care institutions, Domiciliary care institutions), welfare institutions for the handicapped (limited to vegetable, dementia, bedridden or patient with degraded physical and mental function) and nursing home institutions(limited to nursing homes, psychiatric nursing homes and postpartum nursing care institutions) used for the purposes listed in 12.1 (6).
In the above-mentioned places where automatic fire alarm equipments shall be equipped (except Class A places, underground buildings, high-rise buildings and places where smoke detector shall be equipped), if automatic sprinkler, water fog or foam fire extinguishing equipments (enclosed nozzle with labeled temperature lower than 75℃ and action time within 60s only) have been installed pursuant to this Standard, then it is allowable that automatic fire alarm equipment is not installed in the effective range of the foresaid equipments.
Article 20
Manual alarm equipments shall be equipped in the following places:
1.Buildings with more than 2 storeys where the floor area of each storey amounts to 200m2 or more.
2.Places listed in 12.1 (3).
Article 21
Automatic alarm equipments for gas leakage shall be equipped in the following places where gas is used:
1.Underground storeys used for the purposes listed in 12.1 where the total floor area amounts to 1,000m2 or more.
2.Underground storeys used for the purposes listed in 12.5 (1) where the total floor area amounts to 1,000m2 or more, among which the total floor area of Class A places accounts for 500m2 or more.
3.Underground buildings with a total floor area not less than 1,000 m2.
Article 22
Emergency broadcasting equipments shall be equipped in the buildings where automatic fire alarm equipments or automatic alarm equipments for gas leakage have been installed according to Article 19 or Article 21.
Article 22-1
119 fire notification device shall be equipped in the following places:
1.Hospitals, sanitarium, veteran homes, long-term care institutions (limited to institutional services ,community-based services which building usage classification is not belong to H-2 of day care, group homes and small-size multi-function services), senior citizens’ welfare institutions (limited to long-term care, nursing, caring for dementia senior citizens of long-term care institutions, domiciliary care institutions), nursing home institutions (limited to nursing homes, psychiatric nursing homes), and welfare institutions for the handicapped (limited to vegetable, dementia, bedridden or patient with degraded physical and mental function) used for the purposes listed in 12.1 (6).
2. Other public used occupancies proclaimed by the central regulating authority.
Article 23
Indicating equipment shall be installed in all occupancy as follows:
1. Exit indicating lamps shall be equipped in occupancy as specified in Article 12.1, 12.2(12), 12.5(1) and (3), or underground floors, no-opening floors, 11th floor(inclusive) or above, used as specified in other subparagraphs and items of Article 12.
2. Direction indicating lamps shall be equipped in occupancy as specified in Article 12.1, 12.2 (12), 12.5(1) and (3), or underground floors, no-opening floors, 11th floor(inclusive) or above, used as specified in other subparagraphs and items of Article 12.
3. Audience indicating lamps shall be equipped in occupancy such as theaters, movie cinemas, concert halls, convention centers, etc.
4. All kinds of occupancy shall be equipped with indicating signs. However, in occupancy where direction indicating lamps or exit indicating lamps are equipped, installation of indicating signs shall be exempted in effective range of the lamps.
Article 24
Emergency lighting equipments shall be equipped in the following places.
1.Living rooms in places used for purposes listed in 12.1, 12.3 and 12.5
2.Living rooms in places used for purposes listed in 12.2(1), (2), (3) (except school classroom), (4)~(6), residential institutions for psychiatric rehabilitation in (7), (8), (9), and (12).
3.Living rooms in buildings with a total floor area amounting to 1,000m2 or more (except school classroom).
4.Living rooms in buildings with an effective daylighting area less than 5% of the floor area.
5.Aisle, stairway, and passage necessary for escaping from living rooms to refuge, and other proportions need manual lighting in places mentioned in the above 4 clauses.
It is allowable that emergency lighting equipments are not equipped where it is recognized by the central regulating authority as a place easy to escape or provided with effective daylighting.
Article 25
Refuge appliances like slide escape, emergency ladder, escape bridge, escape chute, escape sling, refuge cord, sliding bar or other equivalent approved by the central regulating authority shall be equipped selectively in each storey except refuge storey and those higher than 10 storeys, unless it is recognized by the central regulating authority that there is no stumbling blocks that encumber refuge and escape.
Article 26
Connecting water delivery pipe shall be equipped in the following places:
1.Five or six-storey buildings with a total floor area amounting up to 6,000m2 or more, and buildings with more than 6 storeys.
2.Underground buildings with a total floor area amounting up to 1,000 or more.
Article 27
Fire water pool shall be equipped in the following places:
1.Various buildings where the base area amounts up to 20,000m2 or more and the floor area of each storey amounts to 1,500m2.
2.Various buildings where the height exceeds 31m, and the total floor area amounts up to 15,000 m2
3.Where there are two or more buildings on a same building ground, the horizontal distance of the outer wall between the buildings from the central line is less than 3m on the first floor and less than 5m on the second floor, and the total floor area of the first and the second storeys of the buildings amounts up to 10,000m2 or more.
Article 28
The installation of smoke exhaust equipment is required for the following places:
1.Places prescribed in Article 12 Subparagraph 1 and Subparagraph 5, Item (3), having a total floor area of at least 500 m2.
2.Living rooms having a floor area measuring at least 100 m2, where area of the effective ventilation located within 80-cm under the ceiling is less than 2% of the total floor area of the living room.
3.A non-opening story having a floor area measuring at least 1,000 m2.
4.Places prescribed in Article 12 Subparagraph 1, Item (1) and assembly halls prescribed in Item (2) containing a stage measuring at least 500m2.
5.Where vestibules of special refuge stairways or emergency elevators are installed pursuant to the requirements of the Building Technical Regulations.
A separate assessment shall be permitted in the event of additions, reconstructions, or alterations, where the floor area of the aforesaid places are within a building structure compartmented by one- hour fire resistance rated fire walls, fire separation assemblies, such as fire doors and fire windows, which are regularly kept closed, and fire resistance rated floor. The fire separation assemblies installed shall have a thermal insulation capacity of at least one hour.
Article 29
Emergency power sockets shall be equipped in the following places in public buildings:
1.Each storey in buildings with 11 or more storeys
2.Underground buildings with a floor area amounting up to 1,000 m2 or more.
3.Emergency hoistway equipped according to architectural technical specifications.
Article 30
Wireless communication auxiliary equipments shall be equipped in undergroud floor of 100m or higher buildings, or underground buildings with a total floor area amounting to 1,000 m2 or more.