These Regulations are established in accordance with Article 30 of the Land Surveying and Mapping Act (hereinafter referred to as the Act).
Phonetic translation shall be used primarily for the translation of standardized geographic names.
When the standardized geographic name contains an attribute name, the English semantic translation shall be used for the attribute name.
If the attribute name and the standardized geographic name are seen as a whole to form a term, then the phonetic translation shall be used for its translation.
The attribute name in the preceding paragraph refers to the name describing the attribution of the standardized geographic name.
If there is a direction indicated in the standardized geographic name, the English semantic translation shall be used for its translation. If there is a code or ordinal number, it shall be written in Arabic numerals.
If there is a special consideration on history, linguistics, custom or tradition, religion, international convention or other reasons, the translation of the standardized geographic name can be exempt from Article 2, subject to the approval of the central competent authority.
The first letter of translations of standardized geographic names should be written in upper case letters. The rest are written in lower case letters. Each word should be written in continuous form except under the following circumstances:
1. When the first letter is a, o or e and it is not the first word of the translated Chinese, a ( ' ) syllable dividing mark is placed between the syllables.
2. When phonetic and semantic translation methods are used together, a space should be placed between the words.
The following examples are the translations for the attribute names of administrative regions or administrative organizations.
1. 省: Province
2. 市: City
3. 縣: County
4. 鄉/鎮: Township
5. 區: District
6. 村 (里): Village
7. 鄰: Neighborhood
The following examples are the translations for the attribute names of physical geographic features.
1. 平原: Plain
2. 盆地: Basin
3. 島嶼: Island
4. 群島: Islands
5. 列嶼: Archipelago
6. 礁: Reef
7. 沙洲: Sand Bar
8. 岬角: Cape
9. 山: Mountain
10. 山脈: Mountains
11. 峰: Peak
12. 河 / 溪: River
13. 湖 / 潭: Lake
The following examples are the translations for the attribute names of streets:
1. 大道: Boulevard; may also be abbreviated as Blvd.
2. 路: Road; may also be abbreviated as Rd.
3. 街: Street; may also be abbreviated as St.
4. 巷: Lane; may also be abbreviated as Ln.
The following examples are the translations for the attribute names of public facilities that serve as landmarks:
1. 政府: Hall
2. 公所 / 事務所: Office
3. 橋: Bridge
4. 寺 / 廟 / 庵 / 觀 / 堂 / 宮 / 道院: Temple
5. 教堂: Church
6. 祠: Shrine
7. 機場: Airport
8. 港: Port
9. 水庫: Reservoir
10. 車站: Station
11. 停車場: Parking Lot
12. 醫院: Hospital
13. 公園: Park
14. 圳: Canal
15. 溝: Ditch
16. 池 / 塘 / 埤 / 陂: Pond
These Regulations shall become effective on the date of promulgation.