These regulations have been established pursuant to Paragraph 5, Article 8 of the Seafarer Act.
Seafarers are required to submit to a medical examination prior to boarding a ship and should get regular check-ups once their service onboard begins.
Employers are prohibited from hiring seafarers who do not possess the medical certificate stipulated in these regulations (as an attachment) that verifies that their physical condition is proper for working onboard a ship.
Employers are prohibited from hiring seafarers that the medical examination determines to be unsuitable for working onboard a ship.
Employers have the right to discontinue the employment of seafarers identified through a check-up as suffering from a non-work-related illness and who are no longer able to carry out their original work.
The medical examination and check-ups referred to within these regulations are required to be carried out by the following medical institutions:
1. Public hospitals.
2. Teaching hospitals.
Seafarers with any of the following conditions will not pass the medical or health examination:
1. Suffering from an infectious disease specified in the Communicable Disease Control Act, and who have not undergone treatment for this disease.
2. Suffering from a mental disease that prevents them from being able to competently carry out their work , or who exhibit a clear tendency to harm others or themselves, or who exhibit harmful behavior , and being confirmed by verification.
3. Suffering from other diseases that prevent them from being able to competently carry out their work.
4. Suffering from a speech impediment that prevents them from being able to competently carry out their work.
5. Suffering from impaired hearing that prevents them from being able to competently carry out their work.
6. Suffering from a physical disability that prevents them from being able to competently carry out their work.
7.Unable to distinguish the colors red, green and blue; although this does not apply to the general affairs or a passenger department personnel.
Seafarers are also required to meet the following eyesight criteria:
1. The aided visual acuity of officers responsible for a navigational watch and ratings that form part of a navigational watch, according to an eye chart test, must be at least 0.5 in both eyes at a distance of 5 meters; otherwise, it will be deemed as a ‘fail’.
2. The aided visual acuity of officers responsible for an engineering watch and ratings that form part of an engineering watch, according to an eye chart test, must be at least 0.4 in either eye or at least 0.4 combined eyesight vision at a distance of 5 meters; otherwise, it will be deemed as a ‘fail’.
3. The aided visual acuity of the ratings that do not form part of a watch, according to an eye chart test, must be at least 0.4 in both eyes at a distance of 5 meters; otherwise, it will be deemed as a ‘fail’.
4. Officers, radio operators, and ratings of a navigational watch suffering from color blindness are considered a ‘fail’.
Radio operators that cannot hear the second hand ticking on a chronograph at a distance of 30 cm in either ear are considered a ‘fail’.
A medical certificate shall be effective starting from the date of examination and valid for two years. However, a medical certificate of a seafarer less than 18 years old shall only be valid for one year.
In the case that the medical certificate of a seafarer expires during the course of a voyage or will expire in the near future, as well as in urgent cases, the Maritime Administration may permit the seafarer to work on board until the next port of call, at which the seafarer can get a check-up and obtain a medical certificate from a qualified medical practitioner, provided that said permission period does not surpass three months.
When performing a health examination on a seafarer, if a seafarer is discovered to be suffering from suspected occupational diseases, the medical institution is required to notify the Maritime Administration, as well as competent labor and health authorities in the location of the public institution, within 30 days.
Medical institutions are required to retain the data from seafarers’ medical examination and check-ups for at least 10 years for future reference.
The Maritime Administration and competent health authorities are required to inspect the medical examinations and health check-ups of the medical institutions. In the event that any regulatory infringement is found, they shall demand that improvements be made within a certain time period.
The medical institutions are required to provide a written report of improvements within the specified time period regarding the improvement matters of which they were informed by the competent authorities in the preceding paragraph.
Should the Maritime Administration or competent health authorities find that a medical institution has violated the Medical Care Act, they shall send details of said violation to the local competent health authorities to be handled according to the aforementioned Act. Afterwards, the competent health authorities shall inform the Maritime Administration of the handling results.
These regulations shall take effect starting on the day on which they are issued. Articles 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 that were issued as part of the September 18, 2013 amendments shall take effect starting from August 20, 2013.