Chapter I: General Provisions
The Control Yuan shall exercise the powers of impeachment, censure, and audit and propose corrective measures in accordance with the Constitution and Additional Articles of the Constitution. With the exception of the power of audit, which is otherwise prescribed, all the powers shall be exercised in accordance with this Act.
The Control Yuan shall exercise the powers of impeachment and censure through its members and propose corrective measures through its committees.
Members of the Control Yuan may conduct circuit supervision in different areas.
The Control Yuan and its members may receive the people’s written complaints; the Control Yuan shall prescribe procedures in this respect.
Chapter II: The Power of Impeachment
In case members of the Control Yuan impeach any public functionary who is believed guilty of violation of law or dereliction of duty, the case shall be proposed to the Yuan by at least two members.
A case of impeachment shall be proposed in writing and in detail; the members who have made the proposal may make supplementary statements before the case is examined.
If a case of impeachment is established after being examined by nine or more members, excluding the initiators of the case, the Control Yuan shall turn over the case to a competent disciplinary organ for action. If a new fact or evidence is found, it shall, after examination, be turned over to the disciplinary organ.
Impeachment examination committee decisions shall be rendered by signed vote, with the decision rendered by a majority in agreement.
Examination of impeachment cases shall be assumed by all the members of the Control Yuan in rotation.
If an impeachment case is decided during examination as not justifiable and the initiators of the case demur the decision, it shall be re-examined by nine or more other members of the Control Yuan for final decision.
Members of the Control Yuan who are involved in an impeachment case shall remove themselves from its examination.
The President of the Control Yuan shall in no case attempt to influence or interfere with the impeachment proceedings.
Members of the Control Yuan and its staff shall not disclose a case of impeachment to the public before a decision has been rendered by examination.
The Control Yuan shall promulgate an impeachment case when a decision has been rendered by examination. Where a case involved issues of national security, diplomacy, or any other area where confidentiality is legally mandated, such confidential information shall be redacted.
At the time when an impeachment case is turned over to the disciplinary organ, if the Control Yuan considers the violation of law or dereliction of duty involved in the case is serious enough to require immediate remedy, the Yuan shall inform the offender‘s superior and official in charge to take immediate remedial action.
If the superior official in charge, after being informed, fails to take any action against the offender, he or she shall be considered guilty of dereliction of duty if the offender is reprimanded.
If the Control Yuan considers an impeached public functionary has violated the criminal law or military law, the Control Yuan shall, in addition to forwarding the case to the disciplinary organ, turn over the case to the competent court or court martial for action according to law.
When an impeachment case is turned over to the disciplinary organ and the law court or court martial, the competent organs shall take action immediately and inform, through the Control Yuan, as soon as possible, the initiating members of the case of the actions taken.
Any defense statement made by the impeached public functionary shall be forwarded through the Control Yuan to the members who have initiated the case without delay. The initiating members shall forward their opinion, if any, to the disciplinary organ within ten days of receipt of the statement.
A person who has been punished as a result of impeachment shall not be employed by any government organization during the period of suspension of duty.
Any promotion he or she is entitled by law during the proceeding of the case of punishment shall be canceled after a decision on the punishment is made. The promotion shall be valid, if the punishment is a reprimand.
Chapter III: The Power of Censure
If a member of the Control Yuan considers a public functionary guilty of violation of law or dereliction of duty, which requires suspension of duty or urgently remedy, he or she may submit a written censure which shall be examined and decided by three or more other members of the Control Yuan. The censure shall be forwarded by the Control Yuan to the superior or the official in charge of the public functionary. If a case involves violation of the criminal or military law, it shall be turned over to the competent law court or court martial for action.
When a Control Yuan member files a written censure case against a public functionary below the recommended rank in his or her area of control, he or she may invite the attention of the superior or the official in charge of the functionary in question.
If a censure case is considered unwarranted but the initiator thinks otherwise, it shall be reexamined by another three or more members of the Control Yuan for final decision.
After the written censure against a public functionary reaches the hand of his or her superior or official in charge, except the part of the case that involves the violation of criminal law or military law, which shall be handled separately by a law court or court martial, the superior or the official in charge shall handle the case within one month in accordance with the Law of Discipline Against Public Functionaries. He or she may suspend the duty of the censured public functionary. If the superior or the official in charge considers that no action should be taken, he or she shall submit his or her justifications to the Control Yuan.
If a superior or official in charge does not handle a censure case in accordance with the previous article, or if the action taken is considered inappropriate by two or more members of the Control Yuan, the censured public functionary may be impeached.
If the superior or the official in charge of the censured public functionary does not, after receiving the censure notice, punish him or her in accordance with the provision of the previous article or decides not to punish him or her, the superior official or the official in charge shall be held responsible for dereliction of duty, if the censured person is punished with impeachment.
The provisions of Articles 8, 11, 12, 13, and 16 shall be applicable mutatis mutandis to a case of censure.
Chapter IV: Corrective Measures
The Control Yuan, after investigating the work and facilities of the Executive Yuan and its subordinate organs, may propose corrective measures to the Executive Yuan or its subordinate organs for improvement after these measures are examined and approved by the relevant committees.
The Executive Yuan or any of its subordinate ministries or commissions, upon receiving the corrective measures, shall immediately make improvements or take appropriate actions and shall reply to the Control Yuan in writing on the improvements or actions. If the Control Yuan receives no reply within two months, it may inquire the organ in question.
Chapter V: Investigation
To carry out the power of control, a Control Yuan member with a control certificate or the personnel assigned by the Control Yuan with the investigation certificates, may go to public or private organizations to investigate the files, records and relevant documents. The heads of these organizations and other related personnel shall not refuse, and shall be responsible for making detailed replies if they are interrogated and shall sign the papers of interrogation records.
In investigating a case, the investigators may notify the signatory of the written complaint and the investigated to appear at a designated place for interrogation.
The investigator shall not disclose the content of the case to the public.
Rules governing the use of the control certificate and the investigation certificate shall be stipulated by the Control Yuan.
The investigator may temporarily impound the related documents of evidence or take away the whole or a part of them if necessary.
In doing so, they should first obtain the permission of the chief of the organization. Unless such action will impair the national interests, the chief of the organization shall not refuse.
The chief of the organization shall affix his or her seal on the documents of evidence to be taken away by the investigator and get a receipt in return.
The investigator may request the local government, local court or other agencies concerned to provide assistance.
The investigator may also inform the police authorities to help take necessary measures when he or she encounters resistance or finds it necessary to protect evidence.
If a case is considered crucial or if it is feared that the investigated may escape, the investigator may inform the local police authorities to take precautions.
The Control Yuan may entrust another agency to investigate a designated case or matter. After accepting the case, the agency shall proceed with the investigation immediately and reply to the Control Yuan in writing.
Chapter VI: Supplementary Provisions
The rules for implementing this law shall be stipulated by the Control Yuan.
This Act shall be effective on the date of promulgation.
Articles 1, 2, 5, and 6 and paragraph one of Article 22 shall be effective as of February 1, 1993.