The Act is established in accordance with Article 61 of the Constitutional Law.
The Executive Yuan shall exercise the powers granted by the Constitutional Law.
The Executive Yuan establishes the Ministries as follows:
(1)Ministry of the Interior;
(2)Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
(3)Ministry of National Defense;
(4)Ministry of Finance;
(5)Ministry of Education;
(6)Ministry of Justice;
(7)Ministry of Economic and Energy Affairs;
(8)Ministry of Transportation and Construction;
(9)Ministry of Labor;
(10)Ministry of Agriculture;
(11)Ministry of Health and Welfare;
(12)Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources;
(13)Ministry of Culture; and
(14)Ministry of Digital Affairs.
The Executive Yuan establishes the Councils or Commissions as follows:
(1)National Development Council;
(2)National Science and Technology Council.
(3)Mainland Affairs Council;
(4)Financial Supervisory Commission;
(5)Ocean Affairs Council;
(6)Overseas Chinese Affairs Council;
(7)Veterans Affairs Council;
(8)Council of Indigenous Peoples; and
(9)Hakka Affairs Council.
The Executive Yuan shall have seven to nine Ministers without Portfolio, specially appointed.
The Ministers without Portfolio may hold concurrent positions as the ministers of the Commissions or the Councils mentioned in the preceding article.
The Executive Yuan establishes the Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics and the Directorate-General of Personnel Administration.
The Executive Yuan establishes the Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan).
The Executive Yuan establishes the National Palace Museum.
The Executive Yuan establishes the independent administrative institutions equivalent to the second-level agencies of the Central Government:
(1)Central Election Commission;
(2)Fair Trade Commission; and
(3)National Communications Commission.
The Executive Yuan Premier shall generally manage and govern all the affairs, and direct and supervise the affiliate agencies and the personnel thereof.
In the event that Premier fails to perform his duties for any reason, the duties shall devolve on Vice Premier.
The Executive Yuan Premier may invite or appoint any relevant person to attend the Executive Yuan meetings.
The Executive Yuan shall have one Secretary-General, specially appointed, to manage the general staff affairs, and two Deputy Secretaries-General, one of whom shall be a political appointee of equivalent ranking to Senior fourteenth grade and shall assist Secretary-General with the staff affairs of the Executive Yuan.
The Executive Yuan shall have one spokesperson, specially appointed, who may be held concurrently by a political appointee in charge of press release and communication.
The official ranks, grades, and headcounts of personnel at the Executive Yuan shall be regulated by a separate Personnel Establishment Table.
For the purpose of managing a specific affair, the Executive Yuan may establish an internal dedicated department.
The Act shall take into effect on January 1, 2012.
The effective date of the amended Articles of the Law shall be set by the Executive Yuan.