Chapter I. General Principles
These Regulations are enacted in accordance with Paragraph 3, Article 46, Paragraph 3, Article 47 and Article 51 of the Telecommunications Act.
The competent authority for these regulations is the National Communications Commission.
For the purpose of these Regulations, the terms adopted herein are defined as follows:
1. Radio Regulations: Those regulations promulgated by the competent authority in reference to the Radio Regulations of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) (hereinafter referred to as the International Radio Regulations).
2. Amateur operator: An individual with personal interest only, without pecuniary interest, holding an amateur operator license, after passing an examination held by the competent authority.
3. Amateur Radio Association: An amateur radio communication association established in accordance with Civil Association Act and engaged in amateur radio activities.
4. Radiation: Energy emitted outwardly in the form of electromagnetic waves.
5. Transmission: Radiation or equipment emitting radiation generated by radio stations.
6. Necessary Bandwidth: The width of a frequency band necessary for the required quality and speed of information transmission under the conditions of various types of transmission.
7. Spurious Emission: Radiation or frequencies outside the necessary bandwidth of a transmission, including those generated by harmonic transmission, parasitic transmission, inter-modulation and frequency conversion, the level of which may be reduced without affecting the information being transmitted, but excluding those out-of-band transmissions.
8. Occupied Bandwidth: The width of a frequency band such that, below its lower and above its upper frequency limits, the mean powers emitted are attenuated to at least 26 dB below the total mean power of a given emission, which includes the frequency bandwidth within which the tolerated transmitter frequency shift and Doppler frequency shift occurs.
9. Single-sideband Emission: An amplitude modulated emission with one sideband only.
10. Reduced Carrier Single-Sideband Emission: A single-sideband emission in which the degree of carrier suppression enables the carrier to be reconstituted and to be used for demodulation.
11. Suppressed Carrier Single-Sideband Emission: A single-sideband emission in which the carrier is virtually suppressed and not intended to be used for demodulation.
12. Antenna Structure: A generic term for a radio wave radiation system, its supporting structure and attachments.
13. External RF Power Amplifier: A device capable of increasing power output when used in conjunction with, but not an integral part of, a transmitter.
14. External RF Power Amplifier Kit: A package of electronic parts, which, when self-assembled pursuant to the user's manual, is an external RF power amplifier, even if additional parts are required to complete assembly.
15. Transmitter: Any type of device which is capable of converting electrical energy to electromagnetic energy, including external RF amplifiers that may be required.
16. Peak Envelope Power: The average power supplied to the antenna transmission line by a transmitter during one radio frequency cycle at the crest of the modulation envelope taken under normal operating conditions.
17. Transmission Power: the radio frequency power generated by an amateur radio station, measured in one of the following methods:
(1) Output Power: Peak envelope power measured at the output terminals of the transmitter.
(2) Effective Radiated Power: The product of the power supplied to the antenna and its gain relative to a half-wave dipole in a given direction.
(3) Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power (EIRP): the product of the power supplied to the antenna and its (absolute or omni-directional) gain relative to an omni-directional antenna in a given direction.
18. Harmful Interference: Interference, generated by radio communications, which endangers the functioning of a radio navigation service or other safety maintenance services, or seriously degrades, obstructs, or repeatedly interrupts a legitimate radio communications service.
19. Amateur Radio Operations: The radio communication operations conducted by amateur operators for self-training, mutual communications and/or technical research.
20. Broadcasting: Transmissions intended for reception by the general public, either directly or by relay.
21. Emergency Communications: Radio communications service established for protecting the safety of human life and preserving property under emergency situations.
22. Amateur Radio Station: A fixed or mobile station in an amateur radio service consisting of the apparatus necessary for carrying on radio communications; referred to hereinafter as an amateur station.
23. Temporary Radio Station: An amateur station established with the approval of the competent authority, for a short-term period of amateur radio operations for a specific purpose.
24. Radio Beacon Station: An amateur station transmitting communications for the purposes of observation of propagation and reception or other related experimental activities.
25. Repeater Station: An amateur station that automatically relays signals from other radio stations.
26. Space Station: An amateur radio station located more than 50 kilometers above the Earth's surface.
27. Earth Station: An amateur station located within 50 kilometers of the earth's surface and intended for communications with space stations or with other earth stations by means of one or more other objects in space.
28. Remote Control Station: An amateur station that is indirectly operated by a remote facility through a control link.
29. Telemetry Station: An amateur station that uses amateur radio to transmit far-distant telemetric signals for observation and experiments.
30. Tele-command Station: An amateur station that uses radio communications for the transmission of signals to initiate, modify or terminate functions of a space station.
31. Control Operator: An amateur operator designated by the licensee of an amateur station.
32. Frequency Coordinator: An entity, recognized by the control operators of amateur or repeater stations, who recommends transmit/receive channels and associated operating and technical parameters for such stations.
33. Control Point: The location at which the control operator function is performed.
34. Local Control: The operation where radio communications are adjusted and controlled at a station in situ.
35. Remote Control: The operation where radio communications are adjusted and controlled indirectly through a control link.
36. Automatic Control: The operation where radio communications are automatically adjusted and controlled by the equipment and procedures set up by a controller.
37. Third Party Communications: A message from the control operator of an amateur station to another amateur station control operator on behalf of a third party.
38. International Morse Code: A telegram (dot-dash) code as defined by the International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee; referred to hereinafter as the "Morse Code".
39. Amateur Radio Electronic Bulletin: The database bulletin, transmitted via amateur radio that contains messages directly related to amateur services and dedicated solely for the purpose of amateur operators’ services.
The competent authority may request a national amateur radio group for assistance in the following activities:
1. Receiving and forwarding applications for the establishment of amateur stations or temporary stations or the applications for short-term operations of amateur station by non-domestic amateur radio groups or persons, and proposal of suggestions for the consideration of the competent authority.
2. Providing professional comments on the establishment of question pools for amateur operators’ qualifying examination for the consideration of the competent authority; and
3. Organizing workshops and activities for the promotion and educational campaigns for amateur radio.
The connection of an amateur station to a public communications system or the use other than the intended purpose for establishment shall be in accordance with Article 4 of the Administrative Regulations on the Establishment and Operation of Dedicated Telecommunications, and the Connection of Dedicated Telecommunications to Public Communications System.
Those who have qualified the examination of the competent authority and have been issued with an amateur operator license may apply for the establishment of an amateur station. The amateur radio service shall not proceed with its operations until an amateur station license and a call sign have been acquired.
A foreign national who wishes to participate in the examination aforementioned in the previous paragraph shall possess a valid Alien Residence Certificate or passport. A foreign national who wishes to establish an amateur station shall have a valid Alien Residence Certificate and an amateur operator license issued by the REPUBLIC OF CHINA