Chapter 2 Establishment and Categories of Universities
Universities are categorized into national universities, universities established by special municipalities, universities established by counties, universities established by cities (all of which are hereunder collectively referred to as “public universities”), and private universities.
The establishment of, alterations to, or cessation of operations of any national university or any private university shall be approved or necessary adjustments shall be indicated by the Ministry of Education, in light of education policies and after carefully examining the actual circumstances in different localities. Proposals for the establishment of, alterations to, or cessation of operations of a university established by a special municipality, county, or city shall be submitted to and examined by each successive level of government and then the Ministry of Education which shall give approval or indicate necessary adjustments. A private university shall also act in accordance with the provisions of the Private School Law when handling any such matters.
To provide equal access to junior college education across different regions, the Ministry of Education may give approval for a university to establish a junior college division in a county (city) that does not have a junior college division of any university.
Universities may establish branch campuses and divisions.
The regulations governing the prerequisites, authorization procedure, and other compliance matters pertaining to the standards for establishing a university or a branch campus, division, or affiliated junior college division of a university, and governing the prerequisites, authorization procedure, and other compliance matters pertaining to alterations to, or cessation of operations of a university or a branch campus, division, or affiliated junior college division of a university shall be prescribed by the Ministry of Education.
Universities shall regularly carry out self-evaluation of their teaching, research, services, academic advice and guidance, academic affairs, administration, and student participation; regulations governing the evaluation shall be formulated by each university.
To promote the development of every university, the Ministry of Education shall organize an Assessment Committee or commission academic organizations or professional accreditation bodies to carry out regular assessments of the universities, and it shall make the results public. The assessment results shall be referred to for making changes to and developing universities. The assessment shall be undertaken in accord with the principles of incorporating diversity and professionalism, and the associated regulations governing assessment shall be formulated by the Ministry of Education.
Universities may form university systems and set up inter-university research centers in conjunction with one or more other universities.
The regulations governing matters pertaining to the organization and operations of the university systems referred to in the preceding paragraph shall be prescribed by the Ministry of Education.
The regulations governing matters pertaining to the organization and operations of the inter-university research centers shall be jointly formulated by the universities involved and submitted to the Ministry of Education for future reference.
Two or more universities may draw up a plan to amalgamate. For an amalgamation of national universities, the plan must first be approved by the respective university councils; for an amalgamation of universities established by special municipalities, counties, and/or cities the amalgamation plan must first be approved by the respective local governments that have jurisdiction over them; and for an amalgamation of private universities the amalgamation plan must first be approved by their respective boards of directors. An amalgamation plan that has been given such initial approval shall then be submitted to the Ministry of Education for approval after which the amalgamation may proceed.
After taking into initial account the overall development of higher education, the distribution of educational resources, and the geographic location of each of the national universities potentially involved, and then considering the forms of subsidies for expenses and administrative assistance available, the Ministry of Education may draw up a plan for the amalgamation of two or more national universities and submit the plan to the Executive Yuan for approval. If the Executive Yuan approves the plan for the proposed amalgamation, the national universities involved shall then proceed to implement it.
The regulations governing the preconditions, procedures, forms of subsidies for expenses and administrative assistance, the content of amalgamation plans, the rights and obligations of national universities involved in amalgamations, and other related matters, for the amalgamation referred to in the preceding paragraph, shall be prescribed by the Ministry of Education.