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Chapter Law Content

Chapter Two: Disaster Organization
Article 6
(Missions of Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Council)
The Executive Yuan established the Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Council in charge of the following missions:
1. To define the basic disaster prevention and protection guidelines;
2. To authorize Disaster Prevention and Protection Basic Plan and the disaster prevention and protection operation plans of the central regulating authorities;
3. To authorize important disaster prevention and protection policies and countermeasures;
4. To authorize emergency response and countermeasures in case of nationwide disaster;
5. To supervise, evaluate the performance of disaster prevention and protection of the central administration, municipal, and county(city) governments; and
6. To carry out any other items as regulated by the law or regulations.
Article 7
There shall be one each of a convener and a deputy convener to be respectively chaired by the Premier and the Vice Premier of the Executive Yuan; and the secretary general and several commissioners to be assigned or employed on part-time basis from the incumbent ministers without portfolio, governors of related agencies, disaster prevention and protection experts and scholars by the Premier of the Executive Yuan for the Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Council.
To carry out the disaster prevention and protection policy authorized by the Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Council and to promote major disaster prevention and protection duties and actions, the Vice Premier of the Executive Yuan shall also chair the Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission, and the Executive Yuan established the office of disaster management, allocated with full-time staffs organized in different divisions to deal with related business. These two organizations are enacted by the Executive Yuan.
The Disaster Prevention and Protection Expert Consultation Committee and National Science and Technology Center shall provide the Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Council and the Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission for disaster prevention and protection works of disaster prevention and protection consultation, facilitate research, development and implementation of disaster prevention and protection technology, and fortifying disaster prevention and protection policies and measurements.
To integrate and facilitate implementation of disaster prevention and protection, the Central Disaster Prevention and Protection Commission shall establish the National Rescue Command Center to command, supervise and coordinate personnel of functional authorities among related government agencies to carry out disaster rescue missions.
National Fire Agency, Ministry of the Interior shall execute disaster prevention and protection business.
Central regulating authorities of disaster prevention and protection shall manage disaster resources, organize information, perform disaster prevention and rescue tasks, and cooperate with relevant agencies to conduct disaster prevention education for all citizens.
Article 8
(Missions of Municipal, County (City) Disaster Prevention and Protection Council)
The municipal, county (city) governments establish the municipal, and county (city) disaster prevention and protection councils in charge of the following missions:
1. To authorize the regional disaster prevention and protection plan of the municipality, or county (city);
2. To authorize essential disaster prevention and protection policy and countermeasures;
3. To authorize emergency response and countermeasures in case of disaster within its jurisdiction;
4. To supervise and evaluate related items of disaster prevention and protection within its jurisdiction; and
5. To carry out any other items as regulated by the law or regulations..
Article 9
(Organization of the Municipal, and County (City) Disaster Prevention and Protection Councils)
There shall be one convener and one or two deputy conveners to be respectively chaired by the administrator and deputy administrator of municipal, county (city) government; and several commissioners to be assigned or employed on part-time basis from the military representatives, governors of related agencies and divisions, disaster prevention and protection experts and scholars by the municipal, county (city) mayor for the municipal, or county (city) disaster prevention and protection council.
The municipal, or county (city) office of disaster management shall deal with the affairs of the municipal, or county (city) disaster prevention and protection council. The organization is enacted by the municipal, or county (city) government.
The disaster prevention and protection experts consultation committee of the municipal, or county (city) government shall provide consultation for disaster prevention and protection works.
Article 10
(Missions of Township (City) Disaster Prevention and Protection Council)
The township (city) offices establish the township (city) disaster prevention and protection councils in charge of the following missions:
1. To authorize the regional disaster prevention and protection plan developed for the township (city);
2. To authorize essential disaster prevention and protection policy and countermeasures;
3. To promote and command refugee accommodation and settlement, organizing, reporting and evaluation of disaster situations, execution of emergency response measures, removal of barriers in the site of disaster, and implementation of disaster rescue countermeasures;
4. To promote community disaster prevention and protection affairs; and
5. To carry out any other items as regulated by the law or regulations.
Article 11
(Organization of Township (City) Disaster Prevention and Protection Councils)
There shall be one each of a convener, a deputy convener and several commissioners for the township (city) disaster prevention and protection council. The mayor of the township (city) shall be the convener; the chief secretary or secretary of the township (city) office shall be the deputy convener; and representatives from divisions designated in the regional disaster prevention and protection plan shall be assigned or employed as the commissioners on part-time basis.
The township (city) office of disaster management shall deal with the affairs of the township (city) disaster prevention and protection council.
Districts of special municipalities and cities may establish the disaster prevention and protection council and office of management as the preceding article and the first two paragraphs set forth herein.
Article 12
(Establishment of Local Disaster Response Center)
In case of disaster takes place or the risk of a disaster presents, the convener of the municipal, county(city), or township(city) disaster prevention and protection council shall depending on the severity of the disaster create and direct a disaster response center to prevent disaster or effectively promote disaster response countermeasures, and to be the commander.
The establishment timing, procedure and grouping of above-mentioned disaster response center shall be enacted by the municipal, county (city) governments or township (city) office.
Article 13
(Establishment of Central Disaster Response Center)
In case of a major disaster or risk of such major disaster presents, the minister of the central regulating authorities of disaster prevention and protection shall decide to establish Central Emergency Operation Center based on the severity, nature, conditions and influential factors, shall immediately report to the convener of Central Disasters Prevention and Protection Council and shall have the convener appoint a Central commander.
After the establishment ofCentral Emergency Operation Center, the municipal government or county (city) government shall be immediately notified to establish the disaster response center based on the severity or the need to contact.
Article 14
(Establishment of Emergency Response Teams)
To handle disaster prevention and protection affairs or coordinate with the disaster response center of each tier in executing disaster response countermeasures in case of a disaster or risk of disaster presents, any agency, division or public enterprises designated in the disaster prevention and protection operation plan and regional disaster prevention and protection plan shall establish emergency response teams to execute all the response measures.
Article 15
(Joint Operation of Disaster Prevention and Protection Councils & Civil Defense Mobilization and Preparation System)
The disaster prevention and protection council at each tier shall joint the civil defense mobilization and preparation system in implementing affairs related to disaster prevention and protection, response with the enforcing regulations duly enacted by Ministry of the Interior and related government agencies.
Article 16
(Establishment of Search & Rescue Organization)
To deal with the response affairs of major disaster rescue, the National Disaster Prevention and Protection Agency of Ministry of the Interior shall establish the Special Search and Rescue Team and the Training center; while the municipal or county (city) government shall establish a search and rescue organization.