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Title: Standards for Establishing Children and Youth Welfare Institutes CH
Amended Date: 2013-12-31
Category: Ministry of Health and Welfare(衛生福利部)
Chapter 1 General rules
Article 1
These regulations are stipulated pursuant to Paragraph 2, Article 75 of the Protection of Children and Youths Welfare and Rights Act (hereinafter referred to as the Act).
Article 2
Children and youth welfare institutes referred to in the Act are defined as follows:
1. Nursery service centers mean institutes that offer nursery services to children under two years old;
2. Early intervention institutes mean institutes that offer early intervention services to children with developmental delay;
3. Placement and educational institutes mean institutes that offer placement and educational services to the following placement objects:
(1) Children and youth who are not available to be educated in their families or who run away from home;
(2) Helpless children and youth;
(3) Women and babies who encounter hardship due to unmarried pregnancies or deliveries;
(4) Children and youth who have tried the utmost to be prohibited or corrected without any effect according to provisions in subparagraph 1 or 2, Paragraph 1, Article 52 of the Act;
(5) Children and youth who are given emergency protection and placement according to provisions in each subparagraph of Paragraph 1, Article 56 of the Act;
(6) Children and youth who suffer from severe calamities in their families, causing them not to lead normal lives;
(7) Children, youth and their families are entitled to apply for placement and protection due to other events according to the laws.
4. Psychological guidance or family consulting institutes mean institutes that offer consulting guidance services to children, youth and their families and are in charge of parental education to children, youth and their families;
5. Other children and youth welfare institutes mean institutes that offer relevant welfare services to children, youth and their families.
Nursery service centers, early intervention institutes and placement and educational institutes shall have capacities to nurse or place more than five people.
Article 3
Professional personnel required for children and youth welfare institutes shall be reported to competent authorities for references within thirty days of employment in accordance with the Regulations for Governing Qualifications and Training of Professional Personnel of Children and Youth Welfare Institutes; this is applicable to any personnel change.
Article 4
The establishment of children and youth welfare institutes shall target the facilitation of wholesome body and mind development for children and youth as their goal, and the stipulations below shall be followed in addition to other regulations stipulated by the competent authorities of respective businesses:
1. Institute’s facilities shall meet stipulated requirements for sanitation, fire safety and construction management, and consider the respective demands of children and youth.
2. Institute’s facilities shall be well designed to meet the specific security demands for children and youth, and be well managed and maintained.
3. There shall be an equal opportunity for handicapped children and youth to use the institute’s facilities.
4. The institute’s environment shall be kept clean and sanitary with sufficient natural light and ventilation for all rooms.
Chapter 2 Establishment standards
Section 1 Nursery service center
Article 5
Nursery service centers shall provide children being nursed with learning activities and games available for full development, assisting them to successfully complete their development in each stage and offer the following services according to individual needs:
1. Children’s life care;
2. Children’s developmental learning;
3. Children’s health care;
4. Parental education and support of family function;
5. Record children’s life growth, and offer consultation and transfer;
6. Others which may benefit children’s healthy physical and mental development.
The preceding nursery service centers that have already nursed children aged two before entering early childhood schools according to provisions of Early Childhood Education and Care Act shall continue to nurse for a period not exceeding one year.
Article 6
Nursery service centers are classified into the following three nursing categories:
1.Half-day nursery: Nursery per day less than six hours;
2.Day time nursery: Nursery per day more than six hours but less than twelve hours;
3.Temporary nursery: Children’s parents, guardians, or the people who actually take care of children deliver children to be nursed due to temporary events.
The temporary nursery time (in subparagraph 3) in the preceding paragraph may not exceed the total nursery time of the half-day nursery (subparagraph 1) and day time nursery (subparagraph 2).
Article 7
Nursery service centers shall be in fixed locations with full and exclusive areas, in which the buildings are limited to using the ground floor and floors from the first to the third, and shall report to competent authorities collaterally using underground space on the first floor as administrative or storage rooms for the purposes of non-children activity spaces.
Article 8
Nursery service centers shall be equipped with the following spaces:
1.Activity areas: Indoor or outdoor spaces for living, learning, playing, and operating educational tools and toys;
2.Sleeping areas: Spaces for sleeping and resting;
3.Restroom sanitary facilities: Spaces for washing hands, faces, toileting, and bathing;
4.Cleaning areas: Spaces for cleaning and nursing;
5.Kitchens: Spaces for cooking meals;
6.Meal preparation areas: Spaces for preparing milk and foods;
7.Dining areas: Spaces for dining;
8.Administrative management areas: Space for office, reception, and healthcare;
9.Other service-related necessary spaces;
The aforementioned spaces shall be appropriately labeled. The activity area in subparagraph 1 should be properly zoned in accordance with the scale of nursery, children of different ages, and development capabilities. Also, the spaces in subparagraph 3 and 4 shall be separated from those in subparagraph 6 and 7.
Spaces in each subparagraph above shall be adjusted and combined according to the following rules:
1.Spaces specified in subparagraph 2, 4, and 7 shall be installed in indoor spaces specified in subparagraph 1;
2.Spaces specified in subparagraph 2 and 7 shall be combined; the same as those in subparagraph 5 and 6;
3.Spaces specified in subparagraph 4 shall be installed in those in Paragraph 3.
Subparagraph 4 of paragraph 1 shall be provided with bathtub and nursing station; subparagraph 6 shall be provided with milk preparation station
Article 9
Indoor floor area and outdoor activity areas in a nursery service center, excluding non-children main activity areas, such as sanitary room, kitchen, meal preparation area, administrative management area, storage room, firefighting space, stairs and balcony, legal parking zone and arcade shall be more than sixty square meters in total.
Indoor floor areas in the preceding main activity space offered for children shall not be smaller than 2 square meters per person, and outdoor activity areas shall not be smaller than 1.5 square meters per person. If there is no or insufficient outdoor activity area, it shall be replaced with an indoor floor area of 1.5 square meters per person.
Article 10
Nursery service centers shall provide children with one specific and fixed sitting toilet respectively to their growth. If there are over 20 children, add one toilet for every 15 children. If there are less than 15 children, counted as 15 children, and install one faucet to be available for 10 nursed children. If there are less than 10 children, it is counted as 10 children.
Article 11
Nursery service centers shall have a full-time supervisor to be responsible for overall management business, and at least one special doctor or nursing personnel; one nursing personnel shall be appointed for every 5 nursed children, which will be counted as 5 children even if there are less than 5 children.
Article 12
Nursery service centers shall not reject children for reasons of developmental delay, disabilities or that their families are low-income or middle and low-income.
Section 2 Early intervention institutes
Article 13
Early intervention institutes shall target families to offer the following services to children and their parents, guardians or the people who actually take care of them:
1. Early intervention
2. Life self-care training and social adaptation.
3. Parental education and support of family function.
4. Consultation, such as reporting, referral and transition.
5. Others that may benefit children’s wholesome development.
Article 14
There are the following two service types for early intervention institutes:
1. Daytime intervention: To offer developmentally challenged children half-day, daytime or full-day intervention and care.
2. Part-time intervention: To offer children with developmental delay part-time intervention and care.
The institutes stated in the preceding paragraph can be merged, and per the request of the children’s parents, guardians or the ones who actually take care of them, professional personnel shall be sent to provide home intervention services.
Article 15
Except as otherwise stipulated, early intervention institutes shall have the following facilities:
1. Office
2. Clinic
3. Activity room
4. Interview room
5. Training room
6. Meeting room
7. Restroom sanitary facilities
8. Kitchen
9. Sleeping room
10. Other necessary facilities related to the services.
The facilities stipulated in subparagraphs 1, 2, 4, 3 and 9 of the preceding paragraph shall be adjusted or combined as needed.
The facilities stipulated in subparagraphs 8 and 9 of Paragraph 1 may be installed as needed by the institutes that engage in part-time intervention.
Article 16
The indoor floor space, excluding the space which is not used for children’s major activities, such as offices, kitchen, storeroom, fire prevention space, stairways, balcony, statutory parking spaces, arcade, etc. shall meet the following stipulations:
1. For daytime intervention service: The space shall not be less than 100 square meters for children’s major activities. The room floor space shall not be less than 6.6 square meters per person.
2. For part-time intervention service: The space shall not be less than 75 square meters.
The space to be used for receiving children in early intervention institutes is limited to the first, second and third floor.
Article 17
In addition to employing a full-time supervisor to engage in the institute’s business, early intervention institutes shall also have the following working personnel:
1. Social workers,
2. Early intervention educators and assistant educators,
3. Intervention professional personnel,
4. Administrators and other personnel.
The intervention professional personnel stated in subparagraph 3 of the preceding paragraph refers to specially contracted education teachers, occupational therapists, physical therapists, psychologists, linguistic therapists, orientation action training personnel, doctors and nursing personnel, etc.
The personnel stated in subparagraphs 1 and 2 of Paragraph 1 shall be full-time; the ones stated in subparagraph 3 may be full-time or specially contracted. For those institutes that receive more than 30 children, there shall be at least one full-time member personnel employed.
One social worker as stipulated in subparagraph 1 of Paragraph 1 shall be hired for every 30 children received. For a number under 30, it shall still be counted as 30.
The educational and care personnel and assistant educational personnel for early intervention, or the professional personnel stipulated in subparagraphs 2 and 3 of Paragraph 1 shall be established in accordance with the following stipulations.:
1. Daytime intervention: One educational and care personnel and assistant educational personnel for early intervention or intervention professional person shall be employed for every five children received. For a number under five, it shall still be counted as five.
2. Part-time intervention: Based on one to one individual intervention as the principle, the ratio shall not be beyond one to three at the most. In terms of educational and care personnel and assistant educational personnel for early intervention or professional personnel against those who are served, the service number shall not exceed 25 people per week for each member of the personnel.
The number of assistant educational personnel for early intervention stated in the preceding paragraph shall not exceed the number of educational personnel for early intervention.
Section 3 Placement and educational institutes
Article 18
Based on the principle of satisfying the needs of placement objects and enhancing functions of their families, placement and educational institutes shall offer the following services:
1.Life care;
2.Psychological and behavior counseling and guidance;
3.Schooling and schoolwork guidance;
4.Health care;
5.Health instruction and gender education;
6.Leisure activity guidance;
7.Employment guidance;
8.Parental education and preparation for returning home;
9.Cultivation of independent living techniques and preparation of separation;
10.Tracking and guidance;
11.Other necessary services;
Article 19
Placement and educational institutes shall plan methods of placement and education, as well as environment, by using different floors and zones depending on age, gender, requirements, grounds of placement, etc.
Article 20
The living space planning of placement and educational institutes shall be based on the principle of generating a family life atmosphere to have the following facilities installed:
1.Living room or recreational space;
2.Restaurant;
3.Sanitary rooms and equipment;
4.Kitchen;
5.Bedroom, including staff night-duty room;
6.Other necessary facilities and equipment associated with daily life;
In addition to the aforementioned facilities and equipment, the placement and educational institutes shall provide the following facilities and equipment depending on the nature of service:
1.Multifunction activity room;
2.Office;
3.Conference room;
4.Library;
5.Health center;
6.Other service-related necessary facilities and equipment;
The facilities and equipment mentioned in the preceding subparagraph maybe, depending on the actual situation, adjusted and used.
The placement and educational institutes may, depending on the business operation, have the facilities, such as, milk preparation station, nursing station, bathing station, nursery room, occupational training room, conference room, emotion adjustment room, infection isolation room, reception room, gym, sports ground, etc. setup.
Article 21
The indoor floor space of the placement and education institutes shall not be less than 120 square meters and must comply with the following provisions:
1.To settle children younger than two years old: No less than 10 square meters for each child. Among it, the space for the sleeping room and restroom sanitary facilities together shall not be less than 3.5 square meters per child.
2.To settle children and youth older than two years old: No less than 15 square meters per child. Among it, the space for the sleeping room and restroom sanitary facilities together shall not be less than 8 square meters.
3.The maximum number for infants less than three months old in each sleeping room shall be 15 infants; 9 persons at most for children older than three months but younger than two years old; 6 persons at most for children older than two years old; and 4 persons at most for youth.
4.To place the subjects stated in item 3 of subparagraph 2 of Article 2, the space shall not be less than 20 square meters per person. Among it, the space for the sleeping room and restroom sanitary facilities together shall not be less than 10 square meters per person, and there shall be at least one rest room for every four persons.
The outdoor activity space of placement and educational institutes shall not be less than 3 square meters per person. Taking realistic situations into account, outdoor space may be replaced by indoor floor space, but it shall be reported to the competent authority for approval.
The space to be used for the children placed in placement and educational institutes is limited to the first floor to the fourth floor.
Article 22
Placement and educational institutes shall have a full-time supervisor to be responsible for administrative business, as well as the following working personnel:
1.Caregivers, assistant caregivers, nurses, daily-life guidance personnel, or assistant daily-life guidance personnel;
2.Social workers;
3.Psychological guidance personnel;
4.Doctors or nursing personnel;
5.Administrative personnel or other working personnel.
The personnel specified in subparagraph 1 and 2 of the preceding paragraph shall have full-time jobs; those in subparagraph 3 and 4 shall be specially contracted; administrative personnel in subparagraph 5 shall serve as part-time jobs by the relevant personnel.
One caregiver, assistant caregiver, or nursing person shall be set up for every three nursed children aged under two years old; also, to be counted as three children even if less than three children.
One caregiver or assistant caregiver shall be set up for every four nursed children aged over two years old but under six years old; also, to be counted as four children even if less than four children.
One caregiver or assistant caregiver shall be set up for every six nursed children aged over six years old; also, to be counted as six children even if less than six children.
One daily-life guidance person or assistant daily-life guidance person shall be set up for every six placed youth, to be counted as six youth even if less than six youth.
For the placement of the children specified in item 1, 3, and 4 of subparagraph 3 of Article 2, one caregiver or assistant caregiver shall be set up for every four nursed children; also, to be counted as four children even if less than four children. One daily-life guidance person or assistant daily-life guidance person shall be set up for every four placed youth, to be counted as four youth even if less than four youth.
Assistant caregivers specified in subparagraph 1 of paragraph 1 shall not exceed the number of caregivers; assistant daily-life guidance person shall not exceed the number of daily-life guidance person.
One social worker shall be set up for every fifteen children or youth placed as specified in item 1 and 3 to 5, subparagraph 3 of Article 2, to be counted as fifteen people even if less than fifteen people. One social worker shall be set up for every twenty five children or youth placed as specified in item 2, 6, and 7, subparagraph 3 of Article 2, to be counted as twenty five people even if less than twenty five people.
One psychological guidance personnel shall be set up for every forty placed children and youth aged over two years old as specified in item 1 and 3 to 5, subparagraph 3 of Article 2, and psychological guidance personnel shall be specially contracted for a number of children and youth that is less than forty.
One psychological guidance personnel shall be set up for every seventy-five placed children and youth aged over two years old as specified in item 2, 6, and 7, subparagraph 3 of Article 2, and psychological guidance personnel shall be specially contracted for a number of children and youth that is less than seventy-five.
Psychological guidance personnel jointly set up for placed children and youth as specified in each items of subparagraph 3 of Article 2 shall be in a proportion of the personnel specified in the preceding two paragraphs; psychological guidance personnel shall be specially contracted if less than one.
Article 23
Although based on one type of business as the principle for placement and educational institutes, they shall report to the competent authority for approval for other types of institute business in which they concurrently engage.
Section 4 Psychological counseling or family consultation institutes. (Psychological guidance or family consulting Institutes)
Article 24
Psychological guidance or family consulting Institutes shall target the children, youth and their families or the ones who actually take care of them to offer the following services:
1. The guidance of children and youth’s cognition, emotions, psychology and behavior.
2. The psychological guidance and consultation of children and youth’s schooling and employment.
3. The consultation and guidance of parental education, parenthood relationship and relevant treatment of the children, youth and their families.
4. Consultation and referral of children and youth welfare.
5. Other necessary services.
Article 25
The indoor floor space of psychological guidance or family consulting institutes shall not be less than 75 square meters, and shall be equipped with the following facilities.
1.Office;
2.Conference room;
3.Multifunction activity room;
4.Restroom sanitary facilities
5.Other service-related necessary facilities and equipment;
Article 26
In addition to a full-time supervisor to engage in the business operation of the psychological counseling or family counseling agency, the following working personnel shall also be employed:
1.Psychological guidance personnel;
2.Social workers;
3.Administrators or other working personnel.
The psychological guidance personnel in subparagraph 1 shall be for full-time employment.
Section 5 Other children and youth welfare institutes.
Article 27
Welfare service institutes shall target children, youth and their family members to offer the following services:
1. Individual case service
2. Group service
3. Community service
4. Outreach service
5. Referral service
6. Parental education
7. Parenthood activities.
In addition to the services stated above, welfare service institutes shall offer consultation service, reading service, recreation service, information service, leisure or physical activities, or other welfare services.
Article 28
The indoor floor space of welfare service institutes shall not be less than 150 square meters and shall be equipped with the following facilities:
1.Office
2. Interview room
3. Activity room
4. Meeting room
5. Restroom sanitary facilities.
6. Other necessary facilities related to their services.
The facilities stated in subparagraphs 3 and 4 of the preceding paragraph may be adjusted or combined as actually needed, and as required by the business, facilities such as a play room, clinic, reading room, computer room and sports grounds, shall be added.
Article 29
In addition to one full-time executive to engage in the institute’s business, welfare service institutes shall also employ the following personnel:
1. Social workers.
2. Psychological counseling personnel.
3. Administrators and other working personnel.
The personnel specified in subparagraph 1 of the preceding paragraph shall have a full-time job; personnel in subparagraph 2 shall be specially contracted.
Welfare service institutes that provide children and youth with recreational facilities or physical activities shall set up special personnel to manage and offer the necessary instruction.
Chapter 3 Supplementary provisions
Article 30
Institutes which are located in remote or offshore islands and aboriginal regions that have difficulties establishing themselves Children and Youth Welfare Institutes according to these standards shall report to competent authorities of the municipal or county (city) government for examination as a special project, and proceed accordingly with the consent of the central authorized agency.
Competent authorities of the municipal or county (city) government may specially request a central government competent authority to approve and relax the restriction of the institute’s floor space as stipulated in Paragraph 3 of Article 21 to meet with the social environment requirements of urban land use constrictions. With regards to the institute’s new establishment, expansion, relocation, or change of responsible person or juridical person/group, these shall be proceeded / applied for according to Paragraph 3 of Article 21.
Article 31
Before amendment and promulgation of these Standards on January 6th, 2012, any nursery school with a baby nursery service center subject to approval that owns area of a baby nursery service center in excess of 60 square meters, in conformity with the minimum outdoor activities space in accordance with Paragraph 2 of Article 9,shall apply to the local competent authority pursuant to the preceding regulations for approval of an establishment certificate of the baby nursery service center.
With regards to the foregoing baby nursery center's expansion, removal, change of responsible person or juridical person/group, the establishment certificate subject to the aforesaid provision shall be cancelled by the original competent authority.
Article 32
Following the enforcement of the standards, if provisions for the allocation of relevant personnel and floor space specified in the autonomous laws and regulations of the municipal or county (city) government are higher than the ones stipulated in the standards, those provisions shall be followed instead.
Article 33
These standards came into effect on the date of promulgation.
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