These standards have been established pursuant to Paragraph 2, Article 70-1 of the Seafarer Act.
The staffing of seafarers on a ship shall be implemented pursuant to these standards. In the case that no relevant standards apply, staffing shall be subject to related regulations.
These standards shall not apply to the naval vessels in military institution, naval vessels of coast guard authority and fishing boats.
These standards have been classified into the following four categories based on shipping route, type, and length:
1. The minimum safety staffing for seafarers on vessels with international shipping routes shall be subject to the standards set forth in Attachment 1 herein.
2. The minimum safety staffing for seafarers on vessels with domestic shipping routes shall be subject to the standards set forth in Attachment 2 herein.
3. The minimum safety staffing for seafarers on vessels sailing between Taiwan and mainland China shall be subject to the standards set forth in Attachment 3 herein.
4. The minimum safety staffing for seafarers on vessels of special purpose shall be subject to the standards set forth in Attachment 4 herein.
To apply for the minimum safety staffing of seafarers on board an automatic control vessel, the employer shall submit the Minimum Safe Manning Certificate Application Form (see Attachment 5) to the Maritime Administration for examination and approval via application.
The engineering equipment of the 'automatic control vessels’ from the previous paragraph shall have been determined to be in satisfactory condition by the competent authority or a surveying organization appointed by it.
In the case that these standards are not able to be applied because of the ship's equipment, usage, or other special circumstances, and, as a result, the employer has to equip the vessel with fewer seafarers than the minimum safety staffing stipulated in these standards, such employer shall submit the Minimum Safe Manning Certificate Application Form (see Attachment 5) and relevant documents to the Maritime Administration for examination and approval via application.
In the case that a vessel type cannot comply with the attachments prescribed in each paragraph of Article 3, the situation shall be managed in accordance with the aforementioned provisions.
When the employers of automatic control vessels submit an application for Item 1, the Maritime Administration may, as necessary, demand that they first acquire at least six months of practical experience. Upon completing said period, the employer shall fill out a Practical Experience Report (see Attachment 6) and submit it with a photocopy of the logbook entries for these six months to the Maritime Administration to be handled according to the provisions in Item 1.
In accordance with their different responsibilities, seafarers of navigation ships are categorized into the Deck, Engineering, Telecommunications, and General Affairs Departments. Except for the Telecommunications Department, the apt number of officers and ratings shall be stipulated for each department, provided that the certified seafarer from the Deck Department can hold a concurrent post with the telecommunication personnel.
In accordance with their different responsibilities, the seafarers on vessels of special purpose are categorized into the Deck and Engineering Departments, and an apt number of officers and ratings shall be assigned to each department.
In accordance with the radio communication equipment of the vessel, the telecommunications personnel of the navigating ship are categorized into non-Global Maritime Distress and Safety System ship’s radio sets and Global Maritime Distress and Safety System ship’s radio sets. The minimum safety staffing of each shall be subject to the standards set forth in the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System minimum ship’s navigational watch safety staffing table (see Attachment 7).
In any given 24-hour period, seafarers of a navigating ship shall have a minimum of 10 hours of rest, and in any seven-day period, a minimum of 77 hours of rest. However, these requirements are exempt in the case of emergency, drill, or force majeure.
The ten hours of rest stipulated in the paragraph above can be divided into two periods, of which one is required be at least six hours, and the intervals between consecutive periods of rest shall not surpass 14 hours.
The ten hours of rest mentioned in the previous two paragraphs may be altered into at least one period of six consecutive hours, provided it does not surpass two days.
The seafarers’ work schedules should be posted in an easily accessible location.
The work schedules of seafarers on vessels with international shipping routes shall be prepared in both Chinese and English.
Employers shall submit the relevant application form (see Attachment 5) for navigating ships to the Maritime Administration for the issuance of minimum safety staffing certification (see Attachments 8 and 9), which shall be kept on board for inspections.
The degrading and reduction of or other restrictions on the seafarers manning shall be recorded in the certificate.
The period of validity of the Minimum Safe Manning Certificate is five years.
The employer who has received the Minimum Safe Manning Certificate issued before December 31, 2017 shall apply to the Maritime Administration for replacement before December 31, 2022.
These standards shall take effect starting from January 1, 2018.