Chapter I General Provisions
This Law is enacted to promote the effective development of public television, establish a public service mass media system, compensate for the inadequacy of commercial television, and safeguard the citizens' freedom of expression and right to know, raise cultural and educational standards, advance the development of democratic society, and enhance social wellbeing through diversified planning.
In order to realize the objectives of this Law, the Public Television Service Foundation (referred to hereinafter as the "PTS Foundation") shall be established to operate the Public Television Service (referred to hereinafter as "PTS"). In addition to the provisions of this Law, the provisions of the Civil Code relating to corporations are applicable to the establishment, organization, and operation of the PTS Foundation.
Government contributions to the PTS Foundation in accordance with this Law, shall be annually reduced by 10 percent of the initial allocation until the third fiscal year.
The regulatory agency of the PTS Foundation shall be the Government Information Office (GIO).
The establishment fund of the PTS Foundation shall be provided by the regulatory agency with a budgetary contribution of NT$100 million, and property purchased with the budgets allocated for PTS establishment preparations in the previous years shall also be contributed, the restrictions in Paragraph 1 of Article 25 of the Budget Law notwithstanding.
National property required for conducting the affairs of the PTS Preparatory Committee at the time of its establishment shall be provided gratis by the regulatory agency for use by the PTS Foundation, except when otherwise contributed under the preceding article. However, this provision shall not apply when there is a change in situation such that the operations of the PTS Foundation and its program productions and broadcasts no longer meet the objectives of its establishment.
The PTS Foundation shall be established in the same location as the central government, and branch offices may be established when necessary.
Examination and approval of PTS's principal facilities and engineering techniques; the qualification standards of technical personnel; the supervision and management of electromagnetic waves, such as the broadcast frequencies, the call sign, and electric power; and the issuance and renewal of the station license shall follow related regulations published by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC).
The required electromagnetic wave frequencies for PTS shall be planned and designated by the GIO in coordination with the MOTC. The aforesaid frequencies shall not be leased, loaned, or transferred.
The PTS Foundation shall file an application for station installations with the GIO, which shall refer it to the MOTC for the issuance of the installation permit, before the PTS Foundation sets up the installations. The completed installations shall be inspected by the MOTC, which shall issue a station license after the requirements are met. The GIO shall then issue a television license before PTS begins broadcasting.
The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall apply to the establishment of any PTS branch station, transmitting station, repeater station, or relay station.
When it is necessary for PTS to obtain or utilize certain land to establish a branch station, transmitting station, repeater station, or relay station, the relevant government agencies shall provide assistance.
The PTS Foundation operations shall include the following:
1. Establishing and operating PTS
2. Broadcasting TV programs
3. Producing and distributing TV and video programs and issuing relevant publications
4. Training staff
5. Researching and promoting television theories, techniques, and programs
6. Other operations that contribute to the objectives in Article 1.
Public television belongs to the entire body of citizens. It shall operate independently without interference, and shall observe the following principles:
1. Furnish complete information, fairly serve the public, and not serve profit-making objectives
2. Provide the public proper access to PTS, and especially protect the rights and interests of disadvantaged groups
3. Offer or sponsor the production and presentation of various folk arts, literature, and arts, in order to promote balanced cultural development
4. Introduce new information and concepts
5. Produce and broadcast programs that safeguard human dignity; meet the fundamental constitutional spirit of freedom, democracy, and rule of law; and maintain diversity, objectivity, fairness, and balance of different ethnic groups.
If techniques and budget permit, the PTS Foundation shall offer complete TV reception of the same quality to viewers nationwide.