Chapter 1: General Provisions
The Law has been formulated to facilitate the diversified, comprehensive development of private schools, and to raise their accessibility and autonomy in an effort to encourage the establishment of private schools and provide the public with more educational opportunities. Matters not stipulated herein shall be governed by Civil Law and related laws and regulations.
Unless otherwise stipulated by law, legal persons (hereafter called school legal persons) shall apply to the supervisory authority for establishing private schools of various kinds and levels.
The above mentioned school legal persons refer to those that have been permitted by the supervisory authority to be formed according to the Law for the purpose of establishing and running private schools.
The Ministry of Education (the Ministry) shall have the authority to supervise private schools established by the same school legal persons in two or more cities/counties, private junior colleges and above, or private senior high schools in a city/county. The city/county government in which the school is located shall have the authority to supervise school legal person-established private schools that do not meet the above criteria.
The supervisory authority for private schools established by school legal persons shall be determined based on regulations governing schools of various kinds and levels.
The legal person or school authority shall appoint academics, experts, public figures, teacher representatives from private schools, representatives from school legal persons, and other representatives to form a consultative committee of 15-25 to review school legal persons as well as the establishment, conversion, merger, suspension, and dissolution of the private schools and other major issues. Teacher representatives from private schools and representatives from school legal persons shall account for at least two-fifths of the committee.
The teacher representatives from private schools and representatives from school legal persons shall be chosen from those recommended by pertinent groups.
Rules governing appointment of members of the committee and its organization and operation shall be drawn up by the Ministry.
Names of private schools shall clearly indicate their respective types and levels and the school legal persons to which they belong.
The private schools may set up campuses and branches.
Standards and procedures for setting up campuses and branches, and rules governing their supervision shall be drawn up by the Ministry.
The private schools shall not force students to participate in any religious rituals or take any religious courses. However, religious schools are not bound by this article.
For the purpose of training clergymen and religious persons and conferring religious degrees, school legal persons may apply to the Ministry for permission to establish religious schools. This article also applies to legal persons permitted to be formed by the authority in charge of religious affairs.
Rules governing the procedures and conditions for approval of the above applications, conferment of religious degrees, and related matters shall be drawn up jointly by the Ministry and the authority in charge of religious affairs.