Chapter One: General Principles
The Regulations has been incorporate pursuant to Article 15.2 of Fire Act.
Establishment standards governing location, construction and equipment of the places for manufacturing, storage or process of public hazardous materials and flammable pressurized gases; as well as safety control of their storage, process and handling shall be provided according to the Regulations, with the exception that if the applicability of the Regulations is really present certain difficulties, when proved by substantial evidences, in terms of purpose of the place, special construction, or any technology, work method, structure or equipment introduced with efficacy equivalent to or better than that specified in the regulations, and the exemption of this Article has been approved by the central regulating authorities.
Classification and scope of public hazardous materials are:
1. Class 1: oxidizing solids;
2. Class 2: flammable solids;
3. Class 3: pyrophoric liquids, pyrophoric solids and substances which in contact with water emit flammable gases;
4. Class 4: flammable and combustible liquids;
5. Class 5: self-reactive substances, mixtures and organic peroxides;
6. Class 6: oxidizing liquids;
The classes, grades and control quantity of those public hazardous materials described in the preceding paragraph as Attachment Table 1.
Flammable pressurized gases refer to that meet one of the following requirements:
1. Hydrogen, ethylene, methane, and ethane contained in the compressed gas with a gage pressure reaching 10kg/cm2 or 1 MPa or higher at ambient temperature or at 35℃;
2. Compression acetylene with a gage pressure reaching 2kg/cm2 or 0.2 MPa or higher at ambient temperature or at 15℃;
3. Propane, butane and liquefied petroleum gases in liquefied gas with a gage pressure reaching 2kg/cm2 or 0.2 MPa or higher at ambient temperature or at 35℃; or
4. Any other gas designated by the central regulating authorities.
The public hazardous materials manufacturing place refer to an operation area for the manufacturing of Classes 1 through 6 materials (Six Materials).
The flammable pressurized gas manufacturing place refers to an operation area for the manufacturing, compression, liquefaction, or repackaging of flammable pressurized gas and the gas storage tank of supply source.
Storage place of public hazardous materials refers to any of the following places:
1. Outdoor storage place: the place located outside a building for the storage of the Six Materials in any means other than a tank;
2. Indoor storage place: the place located inside a building for the storage of the Six Materials in any means other than a tank;
3. Indoor storage tank: the fixed tank in volume greater than 600 liters located inside a building for the storage of the Six Materials;
4. Outdoor storage tank: the fixed tank in volume greater than 600 liters located on the ground outside a building for the storage of the Six Materials;
5. Underground storage tank: the tank in a volume greater than 600 liters buried underground for the storage of the Six Materials; and
The flammable pressurized gas storage place refers to a storage room of containers provided at the manufacturing or processing place for the flammable pressurized gases.
A place for the process of public hazardous materials refers to any of the following places:
1. Place for trading:
(1) Type 1 Trading Place: the place for trading the Six Materials in containers in a quantity less than 15 times the control quantity;
(2) Type 2 Trading Place: the place for trading the Six Materials in containers in a quantity greater than 15 times but less than 40 times the control quantity; and
2. General Processing Place: any place other than those places as described in the preceding subparagraph for processing the Six Materials at a quantity over the control quantity.
The place for process of flammable pressurized gas refers to any of the following places:
1. The trading place: the place for trading flammable pressurized gases in containers; and
2. The container inspection place: the place for inspecting containers of liquefied petroleum gases for domestic use or operating use.
3. The place of business with LPG manifold system: the place for concatenated using of at least 80 kg of liquefied petroleum gases as a gas source.
A material of high flash point referred in the Regulations means a Class 4 public hazardous material of a flashpoint at 100℃ or higher.
The barrier mentioned in the Regulations shall meet the following requirements:
1.A structure that is located 2m or more away from the exterior wall or a structure similar to an exterior of the facility. However, for an indoor storage place used for the storage of Class 5 public hazardous materials classified as Type A or Type B, its location, construction and equipment meet the requirements set forth in Article 28, the distance shall not be less than 1/5 of the width of the reserved space for that facility, and it is taken to be 2m if it is less than 2m.
2.The height shall be sufficient to stop the flame from spreading.
3.Concrete walls reinforced with steel bars or steel structures in thickness not less than 15 cm; hollow brick walls reinforced with steel bars or steel structures in thickness not less than 20 cm; or embankment with a slope of less than 60 degrees.
The indoor space referred in the Regulations is a space that has a top cover and is enclosed at 3 sides by wall, or has no top cover and enclosed by walls at all sides.
The reserved space referred in the Regulations shall be limited to that has been provided with a land titleship or a certificate of the right of land use.
For places that shall with a width of over 3 m reserved space prescribed in the Regulations, the said width may be reduced to 3 m if the reserved space faces the ocean, lake, weir, or river.
Fire safety equipment at a place for the manufacturing, storage or process of public hazardous materials and flammable pressurized gases shall be provided pursuant to Fire Safety Equipment Establishment Standards(the Equipment Standards) and other applicable laws and regulations depending on the class of such material or gas.
Location, construction and equipment drawings of a place for the manufacturing, storage or process of public hazardous materials and flammable pressurized gases shall be completed with the examination by the municipal, or county/city fire department before the date for commencing the constructional work specified in the permit issued by the building regulating authorities.
Upon completing the constructional work, the place referred in the preceding paragraph, the municipal, or county/city building regulating authorities shall jointly with the fire department inspect the compliance of the location, construction and equipment before releasing the use license.
Any tank containing liquefied public hazardous materials shall before applying for the work completion inspection contract a professional institute designated by the central regulating authorities to complete inspection of the following items and to issue a certificate of compliance:
1. Full water level or water pressure inspection; and
2. Stratum, foundation and welding inspection for any tank with a capacity of 1,000 k( or larger.
Directions for the inspection specified in the preceding paragraph shall be determined by the central regulating authorities.
Upon approval of the registration of any company engaging in the business of public hazardous materials and flammable pressurized gases shall notify the local fire department.
Those whose category or classification cannot be determined according to Attachment Table 1, Paragraph 2, Article 3 shall be sent to a test laboratory accredited by the Taiwan Accreditation Foundation (TAF) or institution approved by the central regulating authority by the administrator. However, this does not apply to those that are identifiable with the identification report of a foreign laboratory that is approved by the central regulating authority, the material safety sheets provided by the original manufacturer or other relevant proofs.
The administrator shall submit the identification report or relevant poofs to local firefighting authority for identification.