Chapter 2 Police Duty Organization
The police duty organizations is classified into the basic unit, operational unit and supervisory unit.
Police beat (Hereinafter referred to as the “beat”) is the basic unit of a police organization. It is under the charge of an individual police officer.
Police beats are allocated according to the following criteria:
1. Autonomous district: Basically, each village is planned as a police beat. If the size of a village or neighborhood is too small, two villages could be combined into one police beat. If the size of a village or neighborhood is too large, it could be divided into two or more police beats.
2. Population: Every two thousand residents or five hundred households contribute to a police beat.
The aforementioned allocation of police beats in the preceding paragraph shall be also subject to crime incidence, local characteristics, the number of police force, complexity of tasks, the size of the area, traffic conditions, telecommunications facilities and future trend in development and shall be adjusted accordingly.
As to the criminal investigation police and foreign affairs police, they may also allocate their beats in accordance with the abovementioned criteria.
The police stations and substations serve as operational units, responsible for allocating beats, scheduling shifts, and performing and supervising duties.
The standards of the establishment of police stations and police substations are set by the National Police Agency, Ministry of the Interior.
When a remote beat is not available for joint duty with other beats, a police post can be set up and staffed with one officer to perform duties alone.
The Police organizations at municipality or county/city level, considering the availability of police equipments and the need of police force in densely populated urban neighborhood and suburban neighborhood with special public security concerns, may centralize its resources for mobile utilization instead of establishing police stations and substations in those areas. Police officers are moved into police duty squads at the police precincts and work rotating shifts.
If necessary, police departments can set up security posts in certain areas for guard and security.
Police precincts are executive units responsible for planning, commanding, controlling, supervising, and auditing all the duties of every police units under their jurisdictions, along with performing the top-priority duties.
Police departments are supervisory units, responsible for planning, commanding, controlling, supervising, and auditing all the duties of every police units under their jurisdictions and may perform prioritized duties directly.