Chapter 3. Organization and Activities of Political Parties
Republic of China citizens have the right to join or quit political parties.
Political parties may not recruit Republic of China citizens under sixteen (16) years of age as members. A political party may not force Republic of China citizens to join or quit said party; however, this provision does not apply to party members who have been expelled from the party due to a disciplinary matter.
Political party members are defined as those listed in the party roster.
A political party’s charter shall specify the following:
1. Party name or abbreviation (where applicable)
2. Party emblem (where applicable)
3. Party objectives
4. Location of the party’s main office
5. Party organization and authority
6. Conditions for member admissions, resignations, discipline, dismissals, arbitration, and appeals
7. Rights and obligations of party members.
8. Job titles, number, selection methods, tenures, and dismissals of party leaders and elected personnel
9. Terms and conditions, duration, and manner of proposing and deciding on resolutions for the party’s representative assembly or party congress
10. Party charter-revision procedures
11. Amount of and collection method for political party membership dues.
12. Sources of funding and accounting system employed
13. All other matters prescribed pursuant to relevant laws and regulations
Newly established political parties shall submit the application form and electronic files for their party emblem at the time of filing their declaration with the competent authority.
Already established political parties that wish to change their emblems or apply to have their emblems recorded shall submit their charters, the emblem application form, and the electronic files of their emblems to the competent authority for filing.
The filed application form for political party emblems should specify the following information:
1. The name of the political party
2. The date of application
3. The symbolism of the emblem
4. An image of the emblem
5. The date of approval of the emblem by the party’s founding assembly, representative assembly, or party congress
The emblem of a political party may not be subject to any of the following conditions:
1. It is similar or identical to the emblem of an already established political party.
2. It diminishes the distinctiveness of the emblem of an already established political party.
3. It exhibits discriminatory or hateful characteristics.
The competent authority shall require political parties whose emblems are subject to any of the preceding conditions to make corrections within a prescribed period of time. Applications of political parties that fail to make such corrections or whose emblems remain subject to any of the preceding conditions after corrections have been made will be rejected.
A party congress composed of party members shall act as the supreme organ of authority over any political party. Political parties shall convene an assembly of the party congress at least once every two years.
Representatives to a political party’s party congress may be selected by the party members pursuant to the party charter. The representatives shall subsequently be required to convene an assembly of the party representatives in order to exercise the authority of the party congress.
At least one-half (1/2) of a political party’s members (or their representatives) shall attend the party congress or party’s representative assembly; resolutions of the party congress or representative assembly are approved when the number of attendees is at least 1/2 of the total number of members. However, the number of attendees must be at least 2/3 of the total number of members to approve the following resolutions:
1. Resolutions pertaining to the formulation of or revisions to the party charter.
2. Resolutions pertaining to political party mergers or dissolutions.
Political parties shall appoint dedicated personnel to handle matters such as interpretation of the party charter and disciplinary actions against, dismissals of, and appeals by party members.
Political parties may not establish a party organization in any government agency, government institution, public institution, administrative body, court, military body, or school; they may, however, establish party organizations in people’s representative bodies at all levels.