Chapter 1 General Principles
This Act is enacted pursuant to Article 46 of the Constitution and Paragraph One of Article 2 of the Supplementation and Amendment of the Constitution.
Election and recall of President and Vice President shall be governed by the provisions of this Act; for any affairs other than prescribed in this Act, the other related laws and regulations shall apply.
Election and recall of President and Vice President shall be implemented by way of common, fair, direct and secret vote, unless otherwise prescribed.
For the election of President and Vice President, the electoral districts shall be the free regions of the Republic of China (ROC).
The age and period of residence of electors and candidates shall be calculated up to the day before the polling day based on the household registration data, unless otherwise prescribed.
Calculation of the period of residence referred to in the preceding Paragraph shall commence from the day of household registration of immigration.
In case of re-voting, the calculation shall be made according to the original polling day all the same.
Calculation of the periods of election and recall shall be made in accordance with the provisions of the Administrative Procedure Code. Nonetheless, if the last day of such a period is Saturday, Sunday, National Holiday, or other rest day, the period shall not be prolonged, unless the administrative organs stop working due to natural disaster.
In this Act, the day a given number of days before the polling day refers to the day counted backwards the given number from the day before the polling day; the day a given number of days after the polling day refers to the day counted forwards the given number from the day next to the polling day; and the terminating day of the period a given number days before the polling day refers to the day counted the given number backwards from the day before the polling day.
Where an application for election or recall is filed with the government agency of election by post, the date of application shall refer to the day when the government agency receives the application.