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Chapter Law Content

Title: Local Government Act CH
Category: Ministry of the Interior(內政部)
Chapter 3. Local Self-government
Section 2. Self-government Matters
Article 18
The self-government matters of special municipalities are as follows:
1. Matters related to organization and administration:
(1) Election and recall of public officials in the special municipality.
(2) Organization and management of the special municipality.
(3) Household registration and administration in the special municipality.
(4) Land registration and administration in the special municipality.
(5) Press administration in the special municipality.
2. Matters related to finances:
(1) Management of income, expenditures, and finances in the special municipality.
(2) Taxes and levies in the special municipality.
(3) Public debt in the special municipality.
(4) Management and disposition of properties in the special municipality.
3. Matters related to social services:
(1) Social welfare in the special municipality.
(2) Charity businesses and social assistance in the special municipality.
(3) Guidance to private organizations in the special municipality.
(4) Provision of religious guidance in the special municipality.
(5) Establishment and management of cemeteries and burial facilities in the special municipality.
(6) Arbitration in the special municipality.
4. Matters related to education, culture, and sports:
(1) Provision and management of pre-school education, education at the different levels, and social education in the special municipality.
(2) Cultural activities in the special municipality.
(3) Sports activities in the special municipality.
(4) Cultural asset preservation in the special municipality.
(5) Rites, traditions, and literature in the special municipality.
(6) Establishment, operations, and management of social education, physical education, and cultural institutions in the special municipality.
5. Matters related to labor administration:
(1) Labor relations in the special municipality.
(2) Labor safety and health in the special municipality.
6. Matters related to urban planning and construction:
(1) Formulation, review, and implementation of urban planning in the special municipality.
(2) Construction administration in the special municipality.
(3) Residential affairs in the special municipality.
(4) Underwater facilities construction and administration in the special municipality.
(5) Construction and administration of parks and green lands in the special municipality.
(6) Disposal of construction wastes soil in the special municipality.
7. Matters related to economic services:
(1) Guidance and administration of agriculture, forestry, fishery, livestock in the special municipality.
(2) Nature conservation in the special municipality.
(3) Guidance and administration of industrial and commercial sectors in the special municipality.
(4) Consumer protection in the special municipality.
8. Matters related to water resources:
(1) River regulation and management in the special municipality.
(2) Watershed conservation and management in the special municipality.
(3) Construction and management of flood-prevention and drainage systems in the special municipality.
(4) Survey of basic water resources information in the special municipality.
(5) Environment protection in the special municipality.
9. Matters related to health and environment protection:
(1) Health administration in the special municipality.
(2) Environment protection in the special municipality.
10. Matters related to transportation and tourism:
(1) Road planning, construction, and administration in the special municipality.
(2) Traffic planning, operations, and administration in the special municipality.
(3) Tourism in the special municipality.
11. Matters related to public safety:
(1) Police administration and enforcement in the special municipality.
(2) Planning and implementation of disaster prevention and rescue in the special municipality.
(3) Civil defense in the special municipality.
12. Matters related to operations and management of businesses:
(1) Joint operation of enterprises in the special municipality.
(2) Public utilities and public-run enterprises in the special municipality.
(3) Enterprises jointly operated with other local self-government organizations.
13. Other matters as required by laws and regulations.
Article 19
The self-government matters of counties/cities are as follows:
1. Matters related to organization and administration:
(1) Election and recall of public officials in the county/city.
(2) Organization and management of the county/city.
(3) Household registration and administration in the county/city.
(4) Land registration and administration in the county/city.
(5) Press administration in the county/city.
2. Matters related to finances:
(1) Management of income, expenditures, and finances in the county/city.
(2) Taxes and levies in the county/city.
(3) Public debt in the county/city.
(4) Management and disposition of properties in the county/city.
3. Matters related to social services:
(1) Social welfare in the county/city.
(2) Charity businesses and social assistance in the county/city.
(3) Guidance to private organizations in the county/city.
(4) Guidance to religions in the county/city.
(5) Establishment and management of cemeteries and burial facilities in the county/city.
(6) Arbitration in the county/city.
4. Matters related to education, culture, and sports:
(1) Provision and management of pre-school education, education at the different levels, and social education in counties/cities.
(2) Cultural activities in the county/city.
(3) Sports activities in the county/city.
(4) Cultural asset preservation in the county/city.
(5) Rites, traditions, and literature in the county/city.
(6) Establishment, operations, and management of social education, physical education, and cultural institutions in the county/city.
5. Matters related to labor administration:
(1) Labor relations in the county/city.
(2) Labor safety and health in the county/city.
6. Matters related to urban planning and construction:
(1) Formulation, review, and implementation of urban planning in the county/city.
(2) Construction administration in the county/city.
(3) Residential affairs in the county/city.
(4) Underwater facilities construction and administration in the county/city.
(5) Construction and administration of parks and green lands in the county/city.
(6) Disposal of construction wastes materials in the county/city.
7. Matters related to economic services:
(1) Guidance and administration of agriculture, forestry, fishery, livestock industries in the county/city.
(2) Nature conservation in the county/city.
(3) Guidance and administration of industrial and commercial sectors in the county/city.
(4) Consumer protection in the county/city.
8. Matters related to water resources:
(1) River regulation and management in the county/city.
(2) Watershed conservation and management in the county/city.
(3) Construction and management of flood-prevention and drainage systems in the county/city.
(4) Survey of basic water resources information in the county/city.
9. Matters related to health and environment protection:
(1) Health administration in the county/city.
(2) Environment protection in the county/city.
10. Matters related to transportation and tourism:
(1) Road planning, construction, and administration in the county/city.
(2) Traffic planning, operations, and administration in the county/city.
(3) Tourism in the county/city.
11. Matters related to public safety:
(1) Police enforcement in the county/city.
(2) Planning and implementation of disaster prevention and rescue in the county/city.
(3) Civil defense in the county/city.
12. Matters related to operations and management of businesses:
(1) Joint operation of enterprises in the county/city.
(2) Public utilities and public-run enterprises in the county/city.
(3) Public productive enterprises in the county/city.
(4) Enterprises jointly operated with other local self-government organizations.
13. Other matters as required by laws and regulations.
Article 20
The self-government matters of townships/cities are as follows:
1. Matters related to organization and administration:
(1) Election and recall of public officials in the township/city.
(2) Organization and management of the township/city.
(3) Press administration in the township/city.
2. Matters related to finances:
(1) Management of income, expenditures, and finances in the township/city.
(2) Taxes and levies in the township/city.
(3) Public debt in the township/city.
(4) Management and disposition of properties in the township/city.
3. Matters related to social services:
(1) Social welfare in the township/city.
(2) Charity businesses and social assistance in the township/city.
(3) Establishment and management of cemeteries and burial facilities in the township/city.
(4) Arbitration in the township/city.
4. Matters related to education, culture, and sports:
(1) Provision and management of social education in the township/city.
(2) Cultural activities in the township/city.
(3) Sports activities in the township/city.
(4) Rites, traditions, and literature in the township/city.
(5) Establishment, operations, and management of social education, physical education, and cultural institutions in the township/city.
5. Matters related to environmental sanitation and health:
Waste disposal and handling in the township/city.
6. Matters related to construction, transportation, and tourism:
(1) Road construction and administration in the township/city.
(2) Construction and administration of parks and green lands in the township/city.
(3) Traffic planning, operations, and administration in the township/city.
(4) Tourism in the township/city.
7. Matters related to public safety:
(1) Planning and implementation of disaster prevention and rescue in the township/city.
(2) Civil defense in the township/city.
8. Matters related to operations and management of businesses:
(1) Public utilities and public-run enterprises in the township/city.
(2) Public productive enterprises in the township/city.
(3) Enterprises jointly operated with other local self-governing bodies.
9. Other matters as required by laws and regulations.
Article 21
For self-government matters of special municipalities, counties/cities, or townships/cities that involve other special municipalities, counties/cities, or townships/cities, the local self-governing bodies may collaborate to jointly carry out such tasks. If necessary, the common higher-level competent authority on such issues may coordinate the relevant local self-governing bodies to jointly carry out such tasks or may appoint a local self-governing body to complete the tasks within a specified period.
Article 22
(deleted)
Article 23
The special municipalities, counties/cities, and townships/cities shall exert their best efforts while carrying out the self-government matters, and shall be accountable in accordance with law.
Article 24
Enterprises jointly operated by special municipalities, counties/cities, or townships/cities and other special municipalities, counties/cities, or townships/cities may establish organizations for their operations after approval by the relevant councils of the special municipality, county/city councils, township/city councils.
Where the aforementioned joint enterprise involves the authorities of councils of the special municipality, county/city councils, or township/city councils, the issues may be determined by the councils agreed upon by the relevant councils of the special municipality, county/city councils, or township/city councils.
Article 24-1
To handle self-government matters that involve other special municipalities, counties/cities, or townships/cities, facilitate the use of resources within the region, or to improve the well-being of the residents in the region, a special municipality, county/city, or township/city may, together with other special municipalities, counties/cities, or townships/cities, establish organizations for regional collaboration, enter into agreements or other administrative agreements, or use other methods of collaboration, and report such activities to their common higher-level competent authority for recordation.
For matters in the preceding paragraph that involve the authority of the relevant special municipality councils, county/city councils, township/city councils, approval from the relevant special municipality councils, county/city councils, township/city councils shall be required.
For matters in the first paragraph that involve a transfer of jurisdiction or adjustments to the scopes of jurisdiction, the special municipality, county/city, or township/city shall formulate (promulgate) and amend the relevant self-government laws and regulations.
In relation to construction plans proposed by a special municipality, county/city, or township/city that involves different regions or the regional collaboration indicated in paragraph 1, the common higher-level competent authority shall provide priority financial assistance or other necessary assistance.
Article 24-2
When a special municipality, county/city, or township/city enters into administrative agreements with other special municipalities, counties/cities, or townships/cities in accordance with subparagraph 1 of the preceding paragraph, the following shall be clearly indicated in the agreement based on the nature of the matter in question:
1. The organizations and agencies that are parties to the administrative agreement.
2. The scope and methods of collaboration.
3. The basis for the allocation of expenses.
4. The period of collaboration.
5. The preconditions for the agreement to take effect and the time when the agreement will start to take effect.
6. The methods of handling breach of agreement.
7. Other issues relevant to the rights and obligations of the parties.
Article 24-3
The special municipality, county/city, or township/city shall fulfill its obligations in accordance with the agreement. In the event of disputes, the issue may be reported to the common higher-level competent authority for resolution or may be handled in accordance with the judicial process.