Chapter III. The National Assembly
The National Assembly shall, in accordance with the provisions of this Constitution, exercise political powers on behalf of the whole body of citizens.
The National Assembly shall be composed of the following delegates:
1. One delegate shall be elected from each hsien, municipality, or area of equivalent status. In case its population exceeds 500,000, one additional delegate shall be elected for each additional 500,000. Areas equivalent to hsien or municipalities shall be prescribed by law;
2. Delegates to represent Mongolia shall be elected on the basis of four for each league and one for each special banner;
3. The number of delegates to be elected from Tibet shall be prescribed by law;
4. The number of delegates to be elected by various racial groups in frontier regions shall be prescribed by law;
5. The number of delegates to be elected by Chinese citizens residing abroad shall be prescribed by law;
6. The number of delegates to be elected by occupational groups shall be prescribed by law; and
7. The number of delegates to be elected by women’s organizations shall be prescribed by law.
The function of the National Assembly shall be as follows:
1. To elect the President and the Vice President;
2. To recall the President and the Vice President;
3. To amend the Constitution; and
4. To vote on proposed Constitutional amendments submitted by the Legislative Yuan by way of referendum.
With respect to the rights of initiative and referendum, except as is provided in Items 3 and 4 of the preceding paragraph, the National Assembly shall make regulations pertaining thereto and put them into effect, after the above-mentioned two political rights shall have been exercised in one-half of the hsien and municipalities of the whole country.
Delegates to the National Assembly shall be elected every six years.
The term of office of the delegates to each National Assembly shall terminate on the day on which the next National Assembly convenes.
No incumbent government official shall, in the electoral area where he holds office, be elected delegate to the National Assembly.
The National Assembly shall be convoked by the President to meet 90 days prior to the date of expiration of each presidential term.
An extraordinary session of the National Assembly shall be convoked in any of the following circumstances:
1. When, in accordance with the provisions of Article 49 of this Constitution, a new President and a new Vice President are to be elected;
2. When, by resolution of the Control Yuan, an impeachment of the President or the Vice President is instituted;
3. When, by resolution of the Legislative Yuan, an amendment to the Constitution is proposed; and
4. When a meeting is requested by not less than two-fifths of the delegates to the National Assembly.
When an extraordinary session is to be convoked in accordance with Item 1 or Item 2 of the preceding paragraph, the President of the Legislative Yuan shall issue the notice of convocation; when it is to be convoked in accordance with Item 3 or Item 4, it shall be convoked by the President of the Republic.
The National Assembly shall meet at the seat of the Central Government.
No delegate to the National Assembly shall be held responsible outside the Assembly for opinions expressed or votes cast at meetings of the Assembly.
While the Assembly is in session, no delegate to the National Assembly shall, except in case of flagrante delicto, be arrested or detained without the permission of the National Assembly.
The organization of the National Assembly, the election and recall of delegates to the National Assembly, and the procedure whereby the National Assembly is to carry out its functions, shall be prescribed by law.