Chapter 1 General Provisions
This Act has been formulated to clearly set out teachers’ rights and obligations, to safeguard their careers and livelihood, to elevate teachers’ professional status, and to protect students’ right to learn.
In this Act the term “competent authority” refers to the Ministry of Education at the central government level; the municipal government at the municipal level; and the county or city government at the county or city level respectively.
When military and police academies and reformatory schools deal with matters pertaining to full-time teachers in accordance with the provisions of this Act, the “competent authority” referred to in this Act means their respective competent authorities, except regarding the assessment and accreditation of qualifications.
This Act applies to full-time teachers within the staff complement of a public educational institution or a registered private educational institution who receive remuneration on a monthly basis and who have obtained teacher qualifications in accordance with the law.
The provisions of this Act shall apply to full-time teachers at military and police academies and reformatory schools who were appointed in accordance with the provisions of this Act and the Statute Governing the Appointment of Educators, unless otherwise stipulated in law.
Matters pertaining to the assessment and accreditation of teachers’ qualifications, and teachers’ appointment, dismissal, non-renewal of appointment, suspension, severance with pay, rights and obligations, teacher organizations, appeals and remedies shall be handled in accordance with the provisions of this Act.