Chapter 3 Election
Section 1 Electors
Any citizen in free region of ROC reaching 20 years of age shall have the right of suffrage , unless the declaration of guardianship has yet been revoked.
A person having the right of suffrage as referred to in the preceding Article, who meets any of the following conditions, is an elector:
1. He/she has been living in the free regions of the ROC for not less than 6 consecutive months.
2. He/she has once lived in the free regions of the ROC for not less than 6 consecutive months, and is now living in a foreign country holding the passport of the ROC, and has within the specified time limit handled the registration of elector with the government agency of household registration at the location of the original domicile when he/she migrated to the foreign country.
Regulations governing registration and examination of the ROC citizens who live in a foreign country and apply for returning to execute their rights of suffrage as referred to in Subparagraph 2 of the preceding Paragraph shall be prescribed otherwhere by the Central Election Commission jointly with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Overseas Chinese Affairs Commission.
An elector shall vote at the polling station at the location of domicile unless otherwise prescribed.
An elector who returns from a foreign country to execute the right of suffrage shall vote at the polling station at the location of the original domicile when he/she migrated to the foreign country.
The staff of polling stations may vote at the polling station at the location of domicile or at the place of work. However, they may vote at the polling station at the place of work only if the location of domicile and the place of work are in a same municipality or county (city). Besides, if voting is held on the same day for both election of President and Vice President and for election other civil servants, the location of domicile and the place of work shall be within the electoral district where the elector executes the right of suffrage for the election of other civil servants.
To take a vote, an elector shall receive a ballot by his/her ID card unless otherwise prescribed.
An elector who returns from a foreign country to execute the right of suffrage shall receive the ballot by his/her effective ROC passport.
To receive the ballot, an elector shall sign, seal or press a fingerprint on the list of electors. If an elector presses a fingerprint on the list of electors, the fingerprint shall be accompanied by the seal of an administrator and a supervisor as evidence. Anyone may not receive the ballot if his/her name is not listed in the list of electors or if his/her name is not identical to the name listed. However, if it is obvious that the unconformity between the name listed in the list of electors and the name recorded in the ID card is caused by clerical error, or naming after husband’s surname or recovery the original surname due to marriage or divorce, the person shall be permitted to receive the ballot after it is confirmed by the chief administrator together with the chief supervisor.
After having received the ballot, the electors shall vote by themselves. However, if an elector cannot vote by himself/herself due to disability but can express his/her will, a family member or accompanying person may accompany at the request of the elector and provide assistance or vote on behalf according to the will of the elector. In absence of a family member or accompanying person, an administrator and a supervisor may provide assistance or vote on behalf according to the will and at the request of the elector.
The preventive regulations shall be prescribed to prevent the repeated voting or the personation for receiving a ballot; the measures shall be prescribed by the Central Election Commission.
The electors shall arrive at the polling stations within the specified time limit to vote, and may not enter the polling stations out of time. However, if an elector has arrived at the polling station within the specified time limit but has not voted yet, he/she still may vote.